Fera sagitta necatur,
_the wild beast is killed by an arrow_
Fera a Diana necatur, _the wild beast is killed by Diana_
Sagitta\, in the first
sentence, is the ablative of means;
a Diana\, in the second, is the ablative of the personal agent.
First learn the special vocabulary, p. 289.
I. 1. Viri inopia cibi defessi ab eo loco discedent. 2. Gerinani castris Romanis adpropinquabant, tamen legatus copias a proelio continebat. 3. Multa Gallorum oppida ab Romanis capientur. 4. Tum Romani totum populum eorum oppidorum gladiis pilisque interficient. 5. Oppidani Romanis resistent, sed defessi longo proelio fugient. 6. Multi ex Gallia fugiebant et in Germanorum vicis habitabant. 7. Miseri nautae vulnerantur ab inimicis saevis et cibo egent. 8. Discedite et date viris frumentum et copiam vini. 9. Copiae nostrae a proelio continebantur ab Sexto legato. 10. Id oppidum ab provincia Romana longe aberat.
II. 1. The weary sailors were approaching a place dear to the goddess Diana. 2. They were without food and without wine. 3. Then Galba and seven other men are sent to the ancient island by Sextus. 4. Already they are not far away from the land, and they see armed men on a high place. 5. They are kept from the land by the men with spears and arrows. 6. The men kept hurling their weapons down from the high place with great eagerness.
[Footnote 2: inimicis\, here used as a noun. See vocabulary.]
PERFECT, PLUPERFECT, AND FUTURE PERFECT OF SUM
aurum, -i:, n., gold (oriole)
mora, -ae\, f., _delay_
na:vigium, na:vi’gi:\, n., boat, ship
ventus, -i:\, m., _wind_ (ventilate)
na:vigo:, -a:re\, _sail_ (navigate)
attentus, -a, -um, attentive, careful
dubius, -a, -um\, _doubtful_ (dubious)
perfidus, -a, -um, _faithless, treacherous_ (perfidy)
antea:\, _before, previously_
sine\, with abl., _without_
183. Principal Parts. There are certain parts of the verb that are of so much consequence in tense formation that we call them the principal parts.
The principal parts of the Latin verb are the present, the past, and the past participle; as go, went, gone; see, saw, seen, etc.