Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

II. 1.  Fly thou, to be cared for, be ye sent, lead thou. 2.  To lead, to be led, be ye seized, fortify thou. 3.  To be hurled, to fly, send thou, to be found. 4.  To be sent, be ye led, to hurl, to be taken. 5.  Find thou, hear ye, be ye ruled, to be fortified.

LESSON XXX

SYNOPSES IN THE FOUR CONJUGATIONS :  THE ABLATIVE DENOTING FROM

  [Special Vocabulary]

  VERBS
  absum, abesse\, irreg., _be away, be absent, be distant_, with
    separative abl.
  
adpropinquo:, -a:re\, draw near, approach (propinquity), with
    dative[A]
  contineo:, -e:re\, _hold together, hem in, keep_ (contain)
  
disce:do:, -ere\, depart, go away, leave, with separative abl.
  egeo:, -e:re\, _lack, need, be without_, with separative abl.
  
interficio:, -ere\, kill
  prohibeo:, -e:re\, _restrain, keep from_ (prohibit)
  
vulnero:, -a:re\, wound (vulnerable)

  NOUNS
  pro:vincia, -ae\, f., _province_
  
vi:num, -i:\, n., wine

  ADJECTIVE
  de:fessus, -a, -um\, _weary, worn out_

  ADVERB
  longe:\, _far, by far, far away_

[Footnote A:  This verb governs the dative because the idea of nearness to is stronger than that of motion to.  If the latter idea were the stronger, the word would be used with ad\ and the accusative.]

_177._ You should learn to give rapidly synopses of the verbs you have had, as follows:[1]

CONJUGATION I CONJUGATION II
INDICATIVE
ACTIVE PASSIVE ACTIVE PASSIVE
Pres. a’mo:  a’mor mo’neo:  mo’neor
Imperf. ama:’bam ama:’bar mone:’bam mone:’bar
Fut. ama:’bo ama:’bor mone:’bo mone:’bor

[Footnote 1:  Synopses should be given not only in the first person,
but in other persons as well, particularly in the third singular and
plural.]

CONJUGATION I CONJUGATION II
IMPERATIVE
ACTIVE PASSIVE ACTIVE PASSIVE
Pres. a’ma:  ama:’re mo’ne:  mone:’re

INFINITIVE
Pres. ama:’re ama:’ri:  mone:’re mone:’ri: 

CONJUGATION III CONJUGATION III (-io:  verbs)
INDICATIVE
ACTIVE PASSIVE ACTIVE PASSIVE
Pres. re’go:  re’gor ca’pio:  ca’pior
Imperf. rege:’bam rege:’bar capie:’bam capie:’bar
Fut. re’gam re’gar ca’piam ca’piar

IMPERATIVE
Pres. re’ge re’gere ca’pe ca’pere

INFINITIVE
Pres. re’gere re’gi:  ca’pere ca’pi: 

CONJUGATION IV
INDICATIVE
ACTIVE PASSIVE
Pres. au’dio:  au’dior
Imperf. audie:’bam audie:’bar
Fut. au’diam au’diar

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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