[Footnote 1: Plural.
An adjective used as a noun. (Cf.
[Footnote 2: Imperative.
The imperative generally stands first, as
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Third Review, Lessons XVIII-XXVI, Secs. 510-512
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THE PASSIVE VOICE
PRESENT, IMPERFECT, AND FUTURE INDICATIVE OF AMO: AND MONEO:
a:la, -ae\, f., _wing_
deus, -i:\, m., god (deity)[A]
monstrum, -i:\, n., _omen, prodigy; monster_
o:ra:culum, -i:, n., _oracle_
va:sto:, -a:re\, _lay waste, devastate_
ADJECTIVES commo:tus, -a, -um\, _moved, excited_ maximus, -a, -um\, greatest (maximum) saevus, -a, -um\, _fierce, savage_
ita\, thus, in this way, as follows
tum\, _then, at that time_
[Footnote A: For the declension of deus\, see Sec. 468]
163. The Voices. Thus far the verb forms have been in the active voice; that is, they have represented the subject as performing an action; as,
The lion —–> killed —–> the hunter
A verb is said to be in the passive voice when it represents its subject as receiving an action; as,
The lion <—– was killed <—– by the hunter
Note the direction of the arrows.
164. Passive Personal Endings. In the passive voice we use a different set of personal endings. They are as follows:
1. -r, I 1. -mur, we
2. -ris, -re, you 2. -mini:, you
3. -tur, he, she, it 3. -ntur, they
a. Observe that the
letter -r appears somewhere in all but one
of the endings. This is sometimes called the passive sign.
amo, ama:re mone:o, mone:re PRES. STEM ama:- PRES. STEM mone:-
a’mor, I am loved mo’neor, I am advised -or
ama:’ris or ama:’re, mone:’ris or mone:’re. -ris
you are loved you are advised or -re
ama:’tur, he is loved mone:’tur, he is advised -tur
PLURAL ama:’mur, we are loved mone:’mur, we are advised -mur ama:’mini:, you are loved mone:’mini:, you are advised -mini aman’tur, they are loved monen’tur, they are advised -ntur
[Footnote 1: In the present
the personal ending of the first person
singular is -or.]