Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

    [Footnote 1:  The -a:- is shortened before -m final, and -e:-
    before -t final and before -nt. (Cf.  Sec. 12.2.)]

    [Footnote 2:  The -i:- is, of course, shortened, being before
    another vowel. (Cf.  Sec. 12.1.)]

157. PARADIGMS

     CONJUGATION III CONJUGATION IV
     SINGULAR
  1. re’gam, I shall rule au’diam, I shall hear
  2. re’ge:s, you will rule au’die:s, you will hear
  3. re’get, he will rule au’diet, he will hear

     PLURAL
  1. rege:’mus, we shall rule audie:’mus, we shall hear
  2. rege:’tis, you will rule audie:’tis, you will hear
  3. re’gent, they will rule au’dient, they will hear

  1.  Observe that the future of the third conjugation is like the
  present of the second, excepting in the first person singular.

  2.  In the same manner inflect the verbs given in Sec. 148.

158. EXERCISES

I. 1.  Dicet, ducetis, muniemus. 2.  Dicent, dicetis, mittemus. 3.  Munient, venient, mittent, agent. 4.  Ducet, mittes, veniet, aget. 5.  Muniet, reperietis, agemus. 6.  Mittam, veniemus, regent. 7.  Audietis, venies, reperies. 8.  Reperiet, agam, ducemus, mittet. 9.  Videbitis, sedebo, vocabimus.

II. 1.  I shall find, he will hear, they will come. 2.  I shall fortify, he will send, we shall say. 3.  I shall drive, you will lead, they will hear. 4.  You will send, you will fortify, (sing. and plur.), he will say. 5.  I shall come, we shall find, they will send.

6.  Who[3] will believe the story?  I[4] shall believe the story. 7.  Whose friends do you favor?  We favor our friends. 8.  Who will resist our weapons?  Sextus will resist your weapons. 9.  Who will persuade him?  They will persuade him. 10.  Why were you injuring my horse?  I was not injuring your horse. 11.  Whom does a good slave obey?  A good slave obeys his master. 12.  Our men were eager for another battle.

    [Footnote 3:  Remember that quis\, _who_, is singular in number.]

    [Footnote 4:  Express by ego\, because it is emphatic.]

LESSON XXVI

VERBS IN _-IO:_ OF THE THIRD CONJUGATION :  THE IMPERATIVE MOOD

159. There are a few common verbs ending in -io:  which do not belong to the fourth conjugation, as you might infer, but to the third.  The fact that they belong to the third conjugation is shown by the ending of the infinitive. (Cf.  Sec. 126.) Compare

  audio:, audi:’re (hear), fourth conjugation
  capio:, ca’pere (take), third conjugation

160. The present, imperfect, and future active indicative of capio:\ are inflected as follows: 

  capio:, capere, take
  PRES.  STEM cape-

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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