Latin for Beginners eBook

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  3.  In the fourth conjugation -e:- is inserted between the stem and
  the tense sign -ba:- (audi-e:-ba-m).

  4.  In a similar manner inflect the verbs given in Sec. 148.


I. 1.  Agebat, veniebat, mittebat, ducebant. 2.  Agebant, mittebant, ducebas, muniebant. 3.  Mittebamus, ducebatis, dicebant. 4.  Muniebamus, veniebatis, dicebas. 5.  Mittebas, veniebamus, reperiebat. 6.  Reperiebas, veniebas, audiebatis. 7.  Agebamus, reperiebatis, muniebat. 8.  Agebatis, dicebam, muniebam.

II. 1.  They were leading, you were driving (sing. and plur.), he was fortifying. 2.  They were sending, we were finding, I was coming. 3.  You were sending, you were fortifying, (sing. and plur.), he was saying. 4.  They were hearing, you were leading (sing. and plur.), I was driving. 5.  We were saying, he was sending, I was fortifying. 6.  They were coming, he was hearing, I was finding. 7.  You were ruling (sing. and plur.), we were coming, they were ruling.

153. The Dative with Special Intransitive Verbs.  We learned above (Sec. 20.a) that a verb which does not admit of a direct object is called an intransitive verb.  Many such verbs, however, are of such meaning that they can govern an indirect object, which will, of course, be in the dative case (Sec. 45).  Learn the following list of intransitive verbs with their meanings.  In each case the dative indirect object is the person or thing to which a benefit, injury, or feeling is directed. (Cf.  Sec. 43.)

cre:do:, cre:dere, believe (give belief to) faveo:, fave:re, favor (show favor to) noceo:, noce:re, injure (do harm to) pa:reo:, pa:re:re, obey (give obedience to) persua:deo:, persua:de:re, persuade (offer persuasion to) resisto:, resistere, resist (offer resistance to) studeo:, stude:re, be eager for (give attention to)

154. RULE.  Dative with Intransitive Verbs. The dative of the indirect object is used with the intransitive verbs /credo\, /faveo\, /noceo\, /pareo\, /persuadeo\, /resisto\, /studeo\, and others of like meaning.


1.  Credisne verbis sociorum?  Multi verbis eorum non credunt. 2.  Mei finitimi consilio tuo non favebunt, quod bello student. 3.  Tiberius et Gaius disciplinae durae non resistebant et Corneliae parebant. 4.  Dea erat inimica septem filiabus reginae. 5.  Dura poena et perpetua tristitia reginae non persuadebunt. 6.  Nuper ea resistebat et nunc resistit potentiae Latonae. 7.  Mox sagittae volabunt et liberis miseris nocebunt.



156. In the future tense of the third and fourth conjugations we meet with a new tense sign.  Instead of using -bi-, as in the first and second conjugations, we use -a:-[1] in the first person singular and -e:- in the rest of the tense.  In the third conjugation the final -e-of the stem is dropped before this tense sign; in the fourth conjugation the final -i:- of the stem is retained.[2]

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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