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Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

II. 1.  The sacrifices of the people will be annoying to the haughty queen. 2.  The sacrifices were pleasing not only to Latona but also to Diana. 3.  Diana will destroy those hostile to Latona. 4.  The punishment of the haughty queen was pleasing to the goddess Diana. 5.  The Romans will move their forces to a large field[1] suitable for a camp. 6.  Some of the allies were friendly to the Romans, others to the Gauls.

    [Footnote 1:  Why not the dative?]

146. CORNELIA AND HER JEWELS

First learn the special vocabulary, p. 288.

Apud antiquas dominas, Cornelia, Africani filia, erat[2] maxime clara.  Filii eius erant Tiberius Gracchus et Gaius Gracchus.  Ii pueri cum Cornelia in oppido Roma, claro Italiae oppido, habitabant.  Ibi eos curabat Cornelia et ibi magno cum studio eos docebat.  Bona femina erat Cornelia et bonam disciplinam maxime amabat.

NOTE.  Can you translate the paragraph above?  There are no new words.

    [Footnote 2:  Observe that all the imperfects denote continued or
    progressive action, or describe a state of affairs. (Cf.  Sec. 134.)]

LESSON XXIII

PRESENT ACTIVE INDICATIVE OF REGO: AND AUDIO:

147. As we learned in Sec. 126, the present stem of the third conjugation ends in -e, and of the fourth in -i:.  The inflection of the Present Indicative is as follows: 

CONJUGATION III               CONJUGATION IV
re’go:, re’gere (rule)      au’dio, audi:’re (hear)
PRES.  STEM rege-              PRES.  STEM audi:-

     SINGULAR
  1. re’go:, I rule au’dio:, I hear
  2. re’gis, you rule au’di:s, you hear
  3. re’git, he (she, it) rules au’dit, he (she, it) hears

PLURAL
1. re’gimus, we rule           audi:’mus, we hear
2. re’gitis, you rule          audi:’tis, you hear
3. re’gunt, they rule          au’diunt, they hear

  1.  The personal endings are the same as before.

2.  The final short -e- of the stem rege- combines with the -o:  in the first person, becomes -u- in the third person plural, and becomes -i- elsewhere.  The inflection is like that of ero:\, the future of sum\.
3.  In audio:\ the personal endings are added regularly to the stem audi:-.  In the third person plural -u- is inserted between the stem and the personal ending, as audi-u-nt\.  Note that the long vowel of the stem is shortened before final -t just as in amo\ and moneo\.  (Cf.  Sec. 12.2.)

Note that -i- is always short in the third conjugation and long in the fourth, excepting where long vowels are regularly shortened. (Cf.  Sec. 12.1, 2.)

148. Like rego\ and audio\ inflect the present active indicative of the following verbs: 

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