Acc. eum, him; eam, her; id, it
Abl. eo:, with, from, etc., him;
ea:, with, from, etc., her;
eo:, with, from, etc., it
Nom. ei: or ii:, eae, ea, they
Gen. eo:rum, ea:rum, eo:rum, of them, their
Dat. ei:s or ii:s, ei:s or ii:s, ei:s or ii:s,
to or for them
Acc. eo:s, ea:s, ea, them
Abl. ei:s or ii:s, ei:s or ii:s, ei:s or ii:s,
with, from, etc., them
116. Comparison between suus and is. We learned above (Sec. 98.c) that suus\ is a _reflexive_ possessive. When _his, her_ (poss.), _its, their_, do not refer to the subject of the sentence, we express _his, her, its_ by eius\, the genitive singular of is\, ea\, id\; and _their_ by the genitive plural, using eorum\ to refer to a masculine or neuter antecedent noun and earum\ to refer to a feminine one.
Galba calls his (own) son,
Galba suum filium vocat
Galba calls his son (not his own, but another’s),
Galba eius filium vocat
Julia calls her (own) children,
Iulia suos liberos vocat
Julia calls her children (not her own, but another’s),
Iulia eius liberos vocat
The men praise their (own) boys,
viri suos pueros laudant
The men praise their boys (not their own, but others’),
viri eorum pueros laudant
First learn the special vocabulary, p. 287.
1. He praises her, him, it, them. 2. This cart, that report, these teachers, those women, that abode, these abodes. 3. That strong garrison, among those weak and sick women, that want of firmness, those frequent plans.
4. The other woman is calling her chickens (her own). 5. Another woman is calling her chickens (not her own). 6. The Gaul praises his arms (his own). 7. The Gaul praises his arms (not his own). 8. This farmer often plows their fields. 9. Those wretched slaves long for their master (their own). 10. Those wretched slaves long for their master (not their own). 11. Free men love their own fatherland. 12. They love its villages and towns.
M. Quis est vir, Corneli, cum puero parvo?
Estne Romanus et liber?
C. Romanus non est, Marce. Is vir est servus et eius domicilium est in
M. Estne puer filius eius servi an alterius?
C. Neutrius filius est puer. Is est filius legati Sexti.
M. Quo puer cum eo servo properat?