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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

    [Footnote 1:  In this selection note especially the emphasis as shown
    by the order of the words.]

    [Footnote 2:  orbis terrarum\, _of the world_.]

    [Footnote 3:  Tiberim\, _the Tiber_, accusative case.]

96. DIALOGUE

MARCUS AND CORNELIUS

  C. Ubi est, Marce, filius tuus?  Estne in pulchra terra Italia? 
  M. Non est, Corneli, in Italia.  Ad fluvium Rhenum properat cum copiis
    Romanis quia est[4] fama Novi belli cum Germanis.  Liber Germaniae
    populus Romanos Non amat. 
  C. Estne filius tuus copiarum Romanarum legatus? 
  M. Legatus non est, sed est apud legionarios. 
  C. Quae[5] arma portat[6]? 
  M. Scutum magnum et loricam duram et galeam pulchram portat. 
  C. Quae tela portat? 
  M. Gladium et pilum longum portat. 
  C. Amatne legatus filium tuum? 
  M. Amat, et saepe filio meo praemia pulchra et praedam multam dat. 
  C. Ubi est terra Germanorum? 
  M. Terra Germanorum, Corneli est finitima Rheno, fluvio magno et alto.

    [Footnote 4:  est\, before its subject, _there is_; so sunt\,
    there are.]

    [Footnote 5:  Quae\, _what kind of_, an interrogative adjective
    pronoun.]

    [Footnote 6:  What are the three possible translations of the present
    tense?]

  [Illustration:  LEGIONARIUS]

LESSON XIV

THE POSSESSIVE ADJECTIVE PRONOUNS

  [Special Vocabulary]

  NOUNS
  auxilium, auxi’li:\, n., _help, aid_ (auxiliary)
  
castrum, -i:\, n., fort (castle); plur., camp (lit. forts)
  cibus, -i:\, m., _food_
  
co:nsilium, co:nsi’li:\, n., plan (counsel)
  di:ligentia, -ae\, f.. _diligence, industry_
   magister, magistri:, m., _master, teacher_[A]

ADJECTIVES aeger, aegra, aegrum\, _sick_ cre:ber, cre:bra, cre:brum\, frequent miser, misera, miserum\, _wretched, unfortunate_ (miser)

    [Footnote A:  Observe that dominus\, as distinguished from
    magister\, means _master_ in the sense of _owner_.]

97. Observe the sentences

  This is my shield
  This shield is mine

In the first sentence my is a possessive adjective; in the second mine is a possessive pronoun, for it takes the place of a noun, this shield is mine being equivalent to this shield is my shield.  Similarly, in Latin the possessives are sometimes adjectives and sometimes pronouns.

98. The possessives my, mine, your, yours, etc. are declined like adjectives of the first and second declensions.

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