Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.
SINGULAR
Nom.  nauta      bonus
Gen.  nautae     boni: 
Dat.  nautae     bono: 
Acc.  nautam     bonum
Abl.  nauta:      bono: 
Voc.  nauta      bone

        PLURAL
  Nom. nautae boni: 
  Gen. nauta:rum bono:rum
  Dat. nauti:s boni:s
  Acc. nauta:s bono:s
  Abl. nauti:s boni:s
  Voc. nautae boni: 

86. EXERCISES

First learn the special vocabulary, p. 285.

I. 1.  Est[1] in vico nauta bonus. 2.  Sextus est amicus nautae boni. 3.  Sextus nautae bono galeam dat. 4.  Populus Romanus nautam bonum laudat. 5.  Sextus cum nauta bono praedam portat. 6.  Ubi, nauta bone, sunt anna et tela legati Romani? 7.  Nautae boni ad bellum properant. 8.  Fama nautarum bonorum est clara. 9.  Pugnae sunt gratae nautis bonis. 10.  Oppidani nautas bonos curant. 11.  Cur, nautae boni, mali agricolae ad Rhenum properant? 12.  Mali agricolae cum bonis nautis pugnant.

II. 1.  The wicked farmer is hastening to the village with (his) booty. 2.  The reputation of the wicked farmer is not good. 3.  Why does Galba’s daughter give arms and weapons to the wicked farmer? 4.  Lesbia invites the good sailor to dinner. 5.  Why is Lesbia with the good sailor hastening from the cottage? 6.  Sextus, where is my helmet? 7.  The good sailors are hastening to the toilsome battle. 8.  The horses of the wicked farmers are small. 9.  The Roman people give money to the good sailors. 10.  Friends care for the good sailors. 11.  Whose friends are fighting with the wicked farmers?

    [Footnote 1:  Est\, beginning a declarative sentence, _there is._]

  [Illustration:  GALEAE]

LESSON XII

NOUNS IN _-IUS_ AND _-IUM_

  [Special Vocabulary]

  NOUNS
  fi:lius, fi:li:\, m., _son_ (filial)
   fluvius, fluvi:, m., _river_ (fluent)
  
gladius, gladi:\, m., sword (gladiator)
  praesidium, praesi’di:\, n., _garrison, guard, protection_
  
proelium, proeli:\, n., battle

  ADJECTIVES
  fi:nitimus, -a, -um\, _bordering upon, neighboring, near to_. 
    As a noun,
fi:nitimi:, -o:rum\, m., plur., neighbors
  Germa:nus, -a, -um\, _German_.  As a noun, Germa:nus, -i:\, m.,
    a German
  multus, -a, -um\, _much_; plur., _many_

  ADVERB
  saepe\, _often_

87. Nouns of the second declension in -ius and -ium end in -i:  in the genitive singular, not in -ii:, and the accent rests on the penult; as, fi:li:\ from fi:lius\ (son), praesi’di:\ from praesi’dium\ (garrison).

88. Proper names of persons in -ius, and fi:lius\, end in -i:  in the vocative singular, _not_ in -e, and the accent rests on the penult; as, Vergi’li:\, O Vergil; fi:li:\, _O son._

    a. Observe that in these words the vocative and the genitive are
    alike.

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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