Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 433 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

  pro\, with abl., _before; in behalf of; instead of_

  diu:\, _for a long time, long_


ADVERBS celeriter\, _quickly_ (celerity) de:nique\, finally graviter\, _heavily, severely_ (gravity) subito:\, suddenly

  reporto:, -a:re\, -a:vi:, _bring back, restore; win, gain_ (report)


  dexter, dextra, dextrum\, _right_ (dextrous)
sinister, sinistra, sinistrum\, left
  fru:stra:\, adv., _in vain_ (frustrate)

  gero:, gerere, gessi:, gestus\, _bear, carry on; wear_;
bellum gerere\, to wage war
  occupo:, occupa:re, occupa:vi:, occupa:tus\, _seize, take possession
    of_ (occupy)
postulo:, postula:re, postula:vi:, postula:tus\, demand
  recu:so:, recu:sa:re, recu:sa:vi:, recu:sa:tus\, _refuse_
sto:, sta:re, steti:, status\, stand
  tempto:, tempta:re, tempta:vi:, tempta:tus\, _try, tempt, test;
teneo:, tene:re, tenui:, ——­\, keep, hold (tenacious)

  The word ubi, which we have used so much in the sense of where in
  asking a question, has two other uses equally important: 

  1. ubi = when, as a relative conjunction denoting time; as,
    Ubi mo:nstrum audi:ve:runt, fu:ge:runt\, _when they heard the
    monster, they fled_

  2. ubi = where, as a relative conjunction denoting place; as,
    Video:  oppidum ubi Galba habitat\, _I see the town where Galba

ubi\ is called a _relative conjunction_ because it is equivalent to a relative pronoun. _When_ in the first sentence is equivalent to _at the time at which;_ and in the second, _where_ is equivalent to _the place in which._


  neque or nec\, conj., neither, nor, and ... not;
    neque ... neque\, _neither ... nor_
castellum, -i:\, n., redoubt, fort (castle)
  coti:die:\, adv., _daily_

   cesso:, cessa:re, cessa:vi:, cessa:tus, cease, with the infin.
  incipio:, incipere, ince:pi:, inceptus\, _begin_ (incipient),
    with the infin.
oppugno:, oppugna:re, oppugna:vi:, oppugna:tus\, storm, assail
  peto:, petere, petivi or petii:, peti:tus\, _aim at, assail, storm,
    attack; seek, ask_ (petition)
po:no:, po:nere, posui:, positus\, place, put (position);
    castra po:nere\, _to pitch camp_
possum, posse, potui:, ——­\, be able, can (potent), with the
  veto:, veta:re, vetui:, vetitus\, _forbid_ (veto), vith the infin.;
    opposite of iubeo:, _command_
vinco:, vincere, vi:ci:, victus\, conquer (in-vincible)
  vi:vo:, vi:vere, vi:xi:, ——­\, _live, be alive_ (re-vive)

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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