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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

    a. Pick out the attributive and the predicate adjectives in the
    following: 

Do you think Latin is hard?  Hard studies make strong brains.  Lazy students dislike hard studies.  We are not lazy.

56. DIALOGUE

JULIA AND GALBA

First learn the special vocabulary, p. 283.

  I. Quis, Galba, est Diana? 
  G. Diana, Iulia, est pulchra dea lunae et silvarum. 
  I. Cuius filia, Galba, est Diana? 
  G. Latonae filia, Iulia, est Diana. 
  I. Quid Diana portat? 
  G. Sagittas Diana portat. 
  I. Cur Diana sagittas portat? 
  G. Diana sagittas portat, Iulia, quod malas feras silvae magnae necat. 
  I. Amatne Latona filiam? 
  G. Amat, et filia Latonam amat. 
  I. Quid filia tua parva portat? 
  G. Coronas pulchras filia mea parva portat. 
  I. Cui filia tua coronas pulchras dat? 
  G. Dianae coronas dat. 
  I. Quis est cum filia tua?  Estne sola? 
  G. Sola non est; filia mea parva est cum ancilla mea.

a. When a person is called or addressed, the case used is called the voc’ative (Latin vocare, “to call"). In form the vocative is regularly like the nominative.  In English the name of the person addressed usually stands first in the sentence. The Latin vocative rarely stands first.  Point out five examples of the vocative in this dialogue.
b. Observe that questions answered by yes or no in English are answered in Latin by repeating the verb.  Thus, if you wished to answer in Latin the question Is the sailor fighting? Pugnatne nauta?\ you would say Pugnat\, he is fighting, or Non pugnat\, _he is not fighting._

LESSON VII

THE FIRST OR _A:_-DECLENSION

  [Special Vocabulary]

  NOUNS
  casa, -ae\, f., _cottage_
   ce:na, -ae, f., _dinner_
  
galli:’na, -ae\, f., hen, chicken
  i:n’sula, ae\, f., _island_ (pen-insula)

  ADVERBS
  de-in’de\, _then, in the next place_
  
ubi\, where

  PREPOSITION
  ad\, _to_, with acc. to express motion toward

  PRONOUN
  quem\, interrog. pronoun, acc. sing., _whom?_

  VERBS
  ha’bitat, he (she, it) lives, is living, does live (inhabit)
  laudat\, _he (she, it) praises, is praising, does praise_ (laud)
  
parat\, he (she, it) prepares, is preparing, does prepare
  vocat\, _he (she, it) calls, is calling, does call; invites,
    is inviting, does invite_ (vocation)

57. In the preceding lessons we have now gone over all the cases, singular and plural, of nouns whose nominative singular ends in -a.  All Latin nouns whose nominative singular ends in -a belong to the First Declension.  It is also called the A-Declension because of the prominent part which the vowel a\ plays in the formation of the cases.  We have also learned what relations are expressed by each case.  These results are summarized in the following table: 

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