a. Pick out the attributive
and the predicate adjectives in the
Do you think Latin is hard? Hard studies make strong brains. Lazy students dislike hard studies. We are not lazy.
JULIA AND GALBA
First learn the special vocabulary, p. 283.
I. Quis, Galba, est Diana?
G. Diana, Iulia, est pulchra dea lunae et silvarum.
I. Cuius filia, Galba, est Diana?
G. Latonae filia, Iulia, est Diana.
I. Quid Diana portat?
G. Sagittas Diana portat.
I. Cur Diana sagittas portat?
G. Diana sagittas portat, Iulia, quod malas feras silvae magnae necat.
I. Amatne Latona filiam?
G. Amat, et filia Latonam amat.
I. Quid filia tua parva portat?
G. Coronas pulchras filia mea parva portat.
I. Cui filia tua coronas pulchras dat?
G. Dianae coronas dat.
I. Quis est cum filia tua? Estne sola?
G. Sola non est; filia mea parva est cum ancilla mea.
a. When a person is called or addressed, the case used is called the voc’ative (Latin vocare, “to call"). In form the vocative is regularly like the nominative. In English the name of the person addressed usually stands first in the sentence. The Latin vocative rarely stands first. Point out five examples of the vocative in this dialogue.
b. Observe that questions answered by yes or no in English are answered in Latin by repeating the verb. Thus, if you wished to answer in Latin the question Is the sailor fighting? Pugnatne nauta?\ you would say Pugnat\, he is fighting, or Non pugnat\, _he is not fighting._
THE FIRST OR _A:_-DECLENSION
casa, -ae\, f., _cottage_
ce:na, -ae, f., _dinner_
galli:’na, -ae\, f., hen, chicken
i:n’sula, ae\, f., _island_ (pen-insula)
de-in’de\, _then, in the next place_
ad\, _to_, with acc. to express motion toward
quem\, interrog. pronoun, acc. sing., _whom?_
ha’bitat, he (she, it) lives, is living, does live (inhabit)
laudat\, _he (she, it) praises, is praising, does praise_ (laud)
parat\, he (she, it) prepares, is preparing, does prepare
vocat\, _he (she, it) calls, is calling, does call; invites,
is inviting, does invite_ (vocation)
57. In the preceding lessons we have now gone over all the cases, singular and plural, of nouns whose nominative singular ends in -a. All Latin nouns whose nominative singular ends in -a belong to the First Declension. It is also called the A-Declension because of the prominent part which the vowel a\ plays in the formation of the cases. We have also learned what relations are expressed by each case. These results are summarized in the following table: