Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

    [Footnote 14:  This sentence marks the end of the story.]

APPENDIX I

DECLENSIONS, CONJUGATIONS, NUMERALS, ETC.

NOUNS

460. Nouns are inflected in five declensions, distinguished by the final letter of the stem and by the termination of the genitive singular.

FIRST DECLENSION—­A-stems, Gen. Sing. -ae

SECOND DECLENSION—­O-stems, Gen. Sing. -i

THIRD DECLENSION—­Consonant stems and I-stems, Gen. Sing. -is

FOURTH DECLENSION—­U-stems, Gen. Sing. -u:s

FIFTH DECLENSION—­E-stems, Gen. Sing. -e:i or -ei

461. FIRST DECLENSION. A-STEMS

  domina, lady STEM domina- BASE domin-

SINGULAR            PLURAL
TERMINATIONS          TERMINATIONS
Nom.  domina   -a         dominae     -ae
Gen.  dominae  -ae        domina:rum  -a:rum
Dat.  dominae  -ae        domini:s    -i:s
Acc.  dominam  -am        domina:s    -a:s
Abl.  domina:   -a:         domini:s    -i:s

    a. Dea\ and filia\ have the termination -a:bus in the dative
    and ablative plural.

462. SECOND DECLENSION. O-STEMS

    a. MASCULINES IN -us

  dominus, master STEM domino- BASE domin-

SINGULAR             PLURAL
TERMINATIONS            TERMINATIONS
Nom.  dominus   -us        domini:      -i: 
Gen.  domini:    -i:         domino:rum  -o:rum
Dat.  domino:    -o:         domini:s    -i:s
Acc.  dominum   -um        domino:s    -o:s
Abl.  domino:    -o:         domini:s    -i:s

  1.  Nouns in -us of the second declension have the termination -e in
  the vocative singular, as domine\.

  2.  Proper names in -ius, and filius\, end in -i:  in the vocative
  singular, and the accent rests on the penult, as
Vergi’li:, fi:li:\.

    b. NEUTERS IN -um

    pi:lum, spear STEM pi:lo- BASE pi:l-

SINGULAR          PLURAL
TERMINATIONS        TERMINATIONS
Nom.  pi:lum   -um       pi:la      -a
Gen.  pi:li:    -i:        pi:lo:rum  -o:rum
Dat.  pi:lo:    -o:        pi:li:s    -i:s
Acc.  pi:lum   -um       pi:la      -a
Abl.  pi:lo:    -o:        pi:li:s    -i:s

1.  Masculines in -ius and neuters in -ium end in -i:  in the
genitive singular, not in -ii:, and the accent rests on the penult.

c. MASCULINES IN -er AND -ir

puer, boy  ager, field  vir, man
STEMS  puero-       agro-          viro-
BASES  puer-        agr-           vir-
SINGULAR                          TERMINATIONS
Nom.   puer         ager           vir       —­
Gen.   pueri:        agri:           viri:      -i: 
Dat.   puero:        agro:           viro:      -o: 
Acc.   puerum       agrum          virum     -um

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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