Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

CAPTIVI.  Filii regis sumus.

INTERPRES.  Dicunt se filios esse regis.

IMPERATOR.  Cur mihi tantas iniurias intulistis?

INTERPRES.  Rogat cur sibi tantas iniurias intuleritis.

CAPTIVI.  Iniurias ei non intulimus sed pro patria bellum gessimus.  Semper voluimus Romanis esse amici, sed Romani sine causa nos domo patriaque expellere conati sunt.

INTERPRES. [16]Negant se iniurias tibi intulisse, sed pro patria bellum gessisse. [17]Semper se voluisse amicos Romanis esse, sed Romanos sine causa se domo patriaque expellere conatos esse.

IMPERATOR. [18]Manebitisne in reliquum tempus in fide, hac rebellione condonata?

Tum vero captivi multis cum lacrimis iuraverunt se in fide mansuros esse, et Caesar eos incolumis domum dimisit.

    [Footnote 1:  oppidi expugnandi\.  Is this a gerund or a gerundive
    construction?  Cf.  Sec. 501.37.]

    [Footnote 2:  ineant\.  Sec. 501.50.]

    [Footnote 3:  unus\. subj. of inquit\.]

[Footnote 4:  sit\.  This is a so-called subjunctive by attraction, which means that the clause beginning with ubi\ stands in such close connection with the subjv. clause beginning with ut\, that its verb is attracted into the same mood.]

    [Footnote 5:  All these verbs are in the same construction.]

    [Footnote 6:  Hoc consilium\, subj. of placeret\.  For the order
    cf. Haec cum\, etc., p. 215, l. 22, and note; Id imperator cum\,
    p. 217, l. 8.]

    [Footnote 7:  memoria\, abl. of means.]

    [Footnote 8:  oppidanis\, Sec. 501.15.]

    [Footnote 9:  Between twelve and three o’clock in the morning.  The
    night was divided into four watches.]

    [Footnote 10:  operi\, Sec. 501.15.]

    [Footnote 11:  partem\, subj. acc. of concidisse\.]

    [Footnote 12:  captivorum ... sunt\, _the noblest of the captives_.]

    [Footnote 13:  The general’s headquarters.]

    [Footnote 14:  Study carefully these direct questions, indirect
    questions, and indirect statements.]

    [Footnote 15:  See Plate III, p. 148.]

    [Footnote 16:  Negant\, etc., _they say that they have not_, etc.
    
Negant\ is equivalent to dicunt non\, and the negative modifies
    
intulisse\, but not the remainder of the indirect statement.]

    [Footnote 17:  Semper\, etc., _that they have always_, etc.]

    [Footnote 18:  Manebitisne in fide\, _will you remain loyal?_]

LXXV.  CIVIL WAR BREAKS OUT BETWEEN CAESAR AND POMPEY THE BATTLE OF PHARSALIA

Ne confecto[1] quidem bello Gallico, [2]bellum civile inter Caesarem et Pompeium exortum est.  Nam Pompeius, qui summum imperium petebat, senatui persuaserat ut Caesarem rei publicae hostem[3] iudicaret et exercitum eius dimitti iuberet.  Quibus cognitis rebus Caesar exercitum suum dimittere recusavit, atque, hortatus milites ut ducem totiens victorem ab inimicorum iniuriis defenderent, imperavit ut se Romam sequerentur.  Summa cum alacritate milites paruerunt, et transito Rubicone[4] initium belli civilis factum est.

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