Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

  III.  Ablative rendered in (or at): 
    1.  Place at or in which (Secs. 265, 266)
    2.  Time when or within which (Sec. 275)

454. EXERCISES

I. 1.  Galli locis superioribus occupatis itinere exercitum prohibere conantur. 2.  Omnes oppidani ex oppido egressi salutem fuga petere inceperunt. 3.  Caesar docet se militum vitam sua salute habere multo cariorem. 4.  Cum celerius omnium opinione pervenisset, hostes ad eum obsides miserunt 5.  Vicus in valle positus montibus altissimis undique continetur. 6.  Plurimum inter Gallos haec gens et virtute et hominum numero valebat. 7.  Secunda vigilia nullo certo ordine neque imperio e castris egressi sunt. 8.  Duabus legionibus Genavae relictis, proximo die cum reliquis domum profectus est. 9.  Erant itinera duo quibus itineribus Helvetii domo exire possent. 10.  Rex erat summa audacia et magna apud populum potentia. 11.  Galli timore servitutis commoti bellum parabant. 12.  Caesar monet legatos ut contineant milites, ne studio pugnandi aut spe praedae longius[1] progrediantur. 13.  Bellum acerrimum a Caesare in Gallos gestum est.

II. 1.  The lieutenant after having seized the mountain restrained his (men) from battle. 2.  All the Gauls differ from each other in laws. 3.  This tribe is much braver than the rest. 4.  This road is [2]ten miles shorter than that. 5.  In summer Caesar carried on war in Gaul, in winter he returned to Italy. 6.  At midnight the general set out from the camp with three legions. 7.  I fear that you cannot protect[3] yourself from these enemies. 8. [4]After this battle was finished peace was made by all the Gauls.

    [Footnote 1:  longius\, _too far_. (Cf.  Sec. 305.)]

    [Footnote 2:  Latin, by ten thousands of paces.]

    [Footnote 3:  defendere\.]

    [Footnote 4:  Ablative absolute.]

LESSON LXXIX

REVIEW OF THE GERUND AND GERUNDIVE, THE INFINITIVE, AND THE SUBJUNCTIVE

455. The gerund is a verbal noun and is used only in the genitive, dative, accusative, and ablative singular.  The constructions of these cases are in general the same as those of other nouns (Secs. 402, 406.1).

456. The gerundive is a verbal adjective and must be used instead of gerund + object, excepting in the genitive and in the ablative without a preposition.  Even in these instances the gerundive construction is more usual (Sec. 406.2).

457. The infinitive is used: 

  I. As in English.

    a. As subject or predicate nominative (Sec. 216).

    b. To complete the predicate with verbs of incomplete predication
    (complementary infinitive) (Sec. 215).

    c. As object with subject accusative after verbs of wishing,
    commanding, forbidding
, and the like (Sec. 213).

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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