Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 433 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

  3.  The subject of the infinitive (Sec. 214).

  4.  The object of prepositions that do not govern the ablative (Sec.

  5.  The duration of time and the extent of space (Sec. 336).

  6.  The place to which (Secs. 263, 266).


I. 1.  Milites quos vidimus dixerunt imperium belli esse Caesaris imperatoris. 2.  Helvetii statuerunt quam[1] maximum numerum equorum et carrorum cogere. 3.  Totius Galliae Helvetii plurimum valuerunt. 4.  Multas horas acriter pugnatum est neque quisquam poterat videre hostem fugientem. 5.  Viri summae virtutis hostis decem milia passuum insecuti sunt. 6.  Caesar populo Romano persuasit ut se consulem crearet. 7.  Victoria exercitus erat semper imperatori gratissima. 8.  Triduum iter fecerunt et Genavam, in oppidum[2] hostium, pervenerunt. 9.  Caesar audivit Germanos bellum Gallis intulisse. 10.  Magno usui militibus Caesaris erat quod prioribus proeliis sese exercuerant.

II. 1.  One[3] of the king’s sons and many of his men were captured. 2.  There was no one who wished[4] to appoint her queen. 3.  The grain supply was always a care (for a care) to Caesar, the general. 4.  I think that the camp is ten miles distant. 5.  We marched for three hours through a very dense forest. 6.  The plan [5]of making war upon the allies was not pleasing to the king. 7.  When he came to the hill he fortified it [6]by a twelve-foot wall.

    [Footnote 1:  What is the force of quam\ with superlatives?]

    [Footnote 2:  urbs\ or oppidum\, appositive to a name of a town,
    takes a preposition.]

    [Footnote 3:  What construction is used with numerals in preference
    to the partitive genitive?]

    [Footnote 4:  What mood? (Cf.  Sec. 390.)]

    [Footnote 5:  Use the gerund or gerundive.]

    [Footnote 6:  Latin, by a wall of twelve feet.]



453. The relations of the ablative are, in general, expressed in English by the prepositions with (or by), from (or by), and in (or at).  The constructions growing out of these meanings are

  I. Ablative rendered with (or by): 
    1.  Cause (Sec. 102)
    2.  Means (Sec. 103)
    3.  Accompaniment (Sec. 104)
    4.  Manner (Sec. 105)
    5.  Measure of difference (Sec. 317)
    6.  With a participle (ablative absolute) (Sec. 381)
    7.  Description or quality (Secs. 444, 445)
    8.  Specification (Sec. 398)

  II.  Ablative rendered from (or by): 
    1.  Place from which (Secs. 179, 264)
    2.  Ablative of separation (Sec. 180)
    3.  Personal agent with a passive verb (Sec. 181)
    4.  Comparison without quam\ (Sec. 309)

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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