Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 433 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.
[Footnote 2:  Genitives and ablatives of description are adjective phrases.  When we use an adverbial phrase to tell how long or how high or how deep anything is, we must use the accusative of extent. (Cf.  Sec. 336.) For example, in the sentence above multa milia passuum\ is an adverbial phrase (accusative of extent) modifying longam\.  If we should omit longam\ and say _a fortification of many miles_, the genitive of description (an adjective phrase) modifying munitionem\ would be used, as munitionem multorum milium passuum\.]

  [Illustration:  GLADII]



448. There are four agreements: 

  1.  That of the predicate noun or of the appositive with the noun to
  which it belongs (Secs. 76, 81).

  2.  That of the adjective, adjective pronoun, or participle with its
  noun (Sec. 65).

  3.  That of a verb with its subject (Sec. 28).

  4.  That of a relative pronoun with its antecedent (Sec. 224).

449. The relation expressed by the genitive\ is, in general, denoted in English by the preposition _of_.  It is used to express

                { a. As attributive (Sec. 38).
  1.  Possession {
                { b. In the predicate (Sec. 409).

  2.  The whole of which a part is taken (partitive genitive) (Sec. 331).

  3.  Quality or description (Secs. 443, 445).

450. The relation expressed by the dative\ is, in general, denoted in English by the prepositions _to_ or _for_ when they do not imply motion through space.  It is used to express

                         { a. With intransitive verbs and with
                         { transitive verbs in connection with a
                         { direct object in the accusative (Sec. 45).
  1.  The indirect object { b.  With special intransitive verbs
                         { (Sec. 154).
                         { c.  With verbs compounded with ad\, ante\,
                         { con\, de\, in\, inter\, ob\, post\,
                         { prae\, pro\, sub\, super\ (Sec. 426).

  2.  The object to which the quality of an adjective is directed
  (Sec. 143).

  3.  The purpose, or end for which, often with a second dative denoting
  the person or thing affected (Sec. 437).

451. The accusative\ case corresponds, in general, to the English objective.  It is used to express

  1.  The direct object of a transitive verb (Sec. 37).

  2.  The predicate accusative together with the direct object after
  verbs of making, choosing, falling, showing, and the like (Sec.

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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