Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

I. 1.  Rex rogavit quid legati postularent et cur ad se venissent. 2.  Quaesivit quoque num nec recentis iniurias nec dubiam Romanorum amicitiam memoria tenerent. 3.  Videtisne quae oppida hostes oppugnaverint? 4.  Nonne scitis cur Galli sub montem sese contulerint? 5.  Audivimus quas iniurias tibi Germani intulissent. 6.  De tertia vigilia imperator misit homines qui cognoscerent quae esset natura montis. 7.  Pro his orator verba fecit et rogavit cur consules navis ad plenem summi periculi locum mittere vellent. 8.  Legatis convocatis demonstravit quid fieri vellet. 9.  Nuntius referebat quid in Gallorum concilio de armis tradendis dictum esset. 10.  Moneo ne in reliquum tempus pedites et equites trans flumen ducas.

II. 1.  What hill did they seize?  I see what hill they seized. 2.  Who has inflicted these injuries upon our dependents? 3.  They asked who had inflicted those injuries upon their dependents. 4.  Whither did you go about the third watch?  You know whither I went. 5.  At what time did the boys return home?  I will ask at what time the boys returned home.

LESSON LXXV

VOCABULARY REVIEW :  THE DATIVE OF PURPOSE, OR END FOR WHICH

435. Review the word lists in Secs. 521, 522.

436. Observe the following sentences: 

  1.  Exploratores locum castris delegerunt, the scouts chose a place
  for a camp.

  2.  Hoc erat magno impedimento Gallis, this was (for) a great
  hindrance to the Gauls.

  3.  Duas legiones praesidio castris reliquit, he left two legions
  as
(lit. for) a guard to the camp.

In each of these sentences we find a dative expressing the purpose or end for which something is intended or for which it serves.  These datives are castris\, impedimento\, and praesidio\.  In the second and third sentences we find a second dative expressing the _person or thing affected_ (Gallis and castris).  As you notice, these are true datives, covering the relations of _for which_ and _to which_. (Cf.  Sec. 43.)

437. RULE.  Dative of Purpose or End. The dative is used to denote the /purpose or end for which\, often with another dative denoting the /person or thing affected\.

438. IDIOMS

  consilium omittere, to give up a plan
  locum castris deligere, to choose a place for a camp
  alicui magno usui esse, to be of great advantage to some one
    (lit. for great advantage to some one)

439. EXERCISES

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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