Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

    [Footnote 2:  Observe that when adfero\ denotes _motion to_, it is
    not followed by the dative; cf. footnote, p. 182.]

    [Footnote 3:  Not the infinitive. (Cf.  Sec. 352.)]

LESSON LXXIV

VOCABULARY REVIEW :  THE SUBJUNCTIVE IN INDIRECT QUESTIONS

429. Review the word lists in Secs. 517, 518.

430. When we report a statement instead of giving it directly, we have an indirect statement. (Cf.  Sec. 414.) So, if we report a question instead of asking it directly, we have an indirect question.

DIRECT QUESTION                  INDIRECT QUESTION
Who conquered the Gauls?       He asked who conquered the Gauls

    a. An indirect question depends, usually as object, upon a verb of
    asking (as peto, postulo, quaero, rogo) or upon some verb or
    expression of saying or mental action. (Cf.  Sec. 420.)

431. Compare the following direct and indirect questions: 

DIRECT INDIRECT

Quis Gallos vincit? { a. Rogat quis Gallos vincat
Who is conquering the { He asks who is conquering the
Gauls? { Gauls
{ b. Rogavit quis Gallos vinceret
{ He asked who was conquering
{ the Gauls

{  a. Rogat ubi sit Roma
Ubi est Roma?          {       He asks where Rome is
Where is Rome?         {  b. Rogavit ubi esset Roma
{        He asked where Rome was

{ a. Rogat num Caesar Gallos vicerit
{ He asks whether Caesar conquered
Caesarne Gallos vicit? { the Gauls
Did Caesar conquer the { b. Rogavit num Caesar Gallos
_Gauls?_ { vicisset
{ _He asked whether Caesar had_
{ _conquered the Gauls_

a. The verb in a direct question is in the indicative mood, but
the mood is subjunctive in an indirect question.

b. The tense of the subjunctive follows the rules for tense
sequence.

c. Indirect questions are introduced by the same interrogative words as introduce direct questions, excepting that_yes_-or-no direct questions (cf.  Sec. 210) on becoming indirect are usually introduced by num\, _whether_.

_432._ RULE.  Indirect Questions. _In an indirect question the verb is in the subjunctive and its tense is determined by the law for tense sequence._

433. IDIOMS

de tertia vigilia, about the third watch iniurias alicui inferre, to inflict injuries upon some one facere verba pro, with the ablative, to speak in behalf of in reliquum tempus, for the future

434. EXERCISES

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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