Latin for Beginners eBook

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408. We have learned that the word denoting the owner or possessor of something is in the genitive, as, equus Galbae\, _Galba’s horse._ If, now, we wish to express the idea _the horse is Galba’s_, Galba remains the possessor, and hence in the genitive as before, but now stands in the predicate, as, equus est Galbae\.  Hence this is called the predicate genitive.

409. RULE.  Predicate Genitive. The possessive genitive often stands in the predicate, especially after the forms of /sum\, and is then called the predicate genitive.


  alicui negotium dare, to employ someone
    (lit. to give business to some one)
  novis rebus studere, to be eager for a revolution
    (lit. to be eager for new things)
  rei militaris peritissimus, very skillful in the art of war
  se suaque omnia, themselves and all their possessions


I. 1.  Caesar cum in Gallia bellum gereret, militibus decimae legionis maxime favit quia rei militaris peritissimi erant. 2.  Sociis negotium dedit rei frumentariae curandae. 3.  Legati non solum audiendi causa sed etiam dicendi causa venerunt. 4.  Imperator iussit exploratores locum idoneum munindo reperire. 5.  Nuper hae gentes novis rebus studebant; mox iis persuadebo ut Caesari se suaque omnia dedant. 6.  Iubere est reginae[4] et parere est multitudinis.[4] 7.  Hoc proelio facto quidam ex hostibus ad pacem petendam venerunt. 8.  Erant qui arma tradere nollent. 9.  Hostes tam celeriter progressi sunt ut spatium pila in hostis iaciendi non daretur. 10.  Spatium neque arma capiendi[5] neque auxili petendi[5] datum est.

II. 1.  These ornaments [6]belong to Cornelia. 2.  Men very skillful in the art of war were sent [7]to capture the town. 3.  The scouts found a hill suitable for fortifying very near to the river. 4.  Soon the cavalry will come [8]to seek supplies. 5.  The mind of the Gauls is eager for revolution and for undertaking wars. 6.  To lead the line of battle [9]belongs to the general. 7. [10]Whom shall we employ to look after the grain supply?

    [Footnote 4:  Predicate genitive.]

    [Footnote 5:  Which of these expressions is gerund and which

    [Footnote 6:  belong to = are of.]

    [Footnote 7:  Use the gerundive with ad\.]

    [Footnote 8:  Use the genitive with causa\.  Where should causa\

    [Footnote 9:  Compare the first sentence.]

    [Footnote 10:  Compare the second sentence in the Latin above.]



412. Learn the principal parts and the conjugation of eo:\, _go_ (Sec. 499).

    a. Notice that i:-, the root of eo:\, is changed to e- before
    a vowel, excepting in
iens\, the nominative of the present
    participle.  In the perfect system -v- is regularly dropped.

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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