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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

LESSON LXIV

THE PERFECT AND PLUPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE SUBSTANTIVE CLAUSES OF PURPOSE

361. The perfect and the pluperfect subjunctive active are inflected as follows: 

   CONJ.  I CONJ.  II CONJ.  III CONJ.  IV
   PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE ACTIVE
   SINGULAR
1. ama:’verim monu’erim re:’xerim ce:’perim audi:’verim 2. ama:’veris monu’eris re:’xeris ce:’peris audi:’veris 3. ama:’verit monu’erit re:’xerit ce:’perit audi:’verit

PLURAL
1. ama:ve’rimus     monue’rimus  re:xe’rimus  ce:pe’rimus  audi:ve’rimus
2. ama:ve’ritis     monue’ritis  re:xe’ritis  ce:pe’ritis  audi:ve’ritis
3. ama:’verint      monu’erint   re:’xerint   ce:’perint   audi:’verint
PLUPERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE ACTIVE
SINGULAR
1. ama:vis’sem      monuis’sem   re:xis’sem   ce:pis’sem   audi:vis’sem
2. ama:vis’se:s     monuis’se:s  re:xis’se:s  ce:pis’se:s  audi:vis’se:m
3. ama:vis’set      monuis’set   re:xis’set   ce:pis’set   audi:vis’set
PLURAL
1. ama:visse:’mus   —­isse:’mus  —­isse:’mus  —­isse:’mus  —­isse:’mus
2. ama:visse:’tis   —­isse:’tis  —­isse:’tis  —­isse:’tis  —­isse:’tis
3. ama:vis’sent     —­is’sent    —­is’sent    —­is’sent    —­is’sent

    a. Observe that these two tenses, like the corresponding ones in
    the indicative, are formed from the perfect stem.

    b. Observe that the perfect subjunctive active is like the future
    perfect indicative active, excepting that the first person singular
    ends in -m and not in -o:.

    c. Observe that the pluperfect subjunctive active may be formed by
    adding /-issem, -isse:s\, etc. to the perfect stem.

    d. In a similar way inflect the perfect and pluperfect subjunctive
    active of curo\, iubeo\, sumo\, iacio\, munio\.

362. The passive of the perfect subjunctive is formed by combining the perfect passive participle with sim\, the present subjunctive of sum\.

     CONJ.  I CONJ.  II CONJ.  III CONJ.  IV
     PERFECT SUBJUNCTIVE PASSIVE
     SINGULAR
  1. ama:’tus mo’nitus re:c’tus cap’tus audi:’tus sim
       sim sim sim sim
  2. ama:’tus mo’nitus re:c’tus cap’tus audi:’tus si:s
       si:s si:s si:s si:s
  3. ama:’tus mo’nitus re:c’tus cap’tus audi:’tus sit
       sit sit sit sit

PLURAL
1. ama:’ti:     mo’niti:      re:c’ti:      cap’ti:      audi:’ti:  si:mus
si:mus      si:mus       si:mus       si:mus
2. ama:’ti:     mo’niti:      re:c’ti:      cap’ti:      audi:’ti:  si:tis
si:tis      si:tis       si:tis       si:tis
3. ama:’ti:     mo’niti:      re:c’ti:      cap’ti:      audi:’ti:  sint
sint         sint         sint        sint

363. The passive of the pluperfect subjunctive is formed by combining the perfect passive participle with essem\, the imperfect subjunctive of sum\.

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