Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 299 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

II. 1.  Contrary to our expectation, the enemy fled and the cavalry followed close after them. 2.  From all parts of the multitude the shouts arose of those who were being wounded. 3.  Caesar did not allow the cavalry to pursue too far.[1] 4.  The cavalry set out at the first hour and was returning[2] to camp at the fourth hour. 5.  Around the Roman camp was a rampart twelve feet high. 6.  Caesar will delay three days because of the grain supply. 7.  Nearly all the lieutenants feared the enemy and attempted to delay the march.

    [Footnote 1:  Comparative of longe\.]

    [Footnote 2:  Will this be a deponent or an active form?]

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  Seventh Review, Lessons LIII-LX, Secs. 524-526

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  [Illustration]

PART III

CONSTRUCTIONS

INTRODUCTORY NOTE

The preceding part of this book has been concerned chiefly with forms and vocabulary.  There remain still to be learned the forms of the Subjunctive Mood, the Participles, and the Gerund of the regular verb, and the conjugation of the commoner irregular verbs.  These will be taken up in connection with the study of constructions, which will be the chief subject of our future work.  The special vocabularies of the preceding lessons contain, exclusive of proper names, about six hundred words.  As these are among the commonest words in the language, they must be mastered.  They properly form the basis of the study of words, and will be reviewed and used with but few additions in the remaining lessons.

For practice in reading and to illustrate the constructions presented, a continued story has been prepared and may be begun at this point (see p. 204).  It has been divided into chapters of convenient length to accompany progress through the lessons, but may be read with equal profit after the lessons are finished.  The story gives an account of the life and adventures of Publius Cornelius Lentulus, a Roman boy, who fought in Caesar’s campaigns and shared in his triumph.  The colored plates illustrating the story are faithful representations of ancient life and are deserving of careful study.

LESSON LXI

THE SUBJUNCTIVE MOOD

342. In addition to the indicative, imperative, and infinitive moods, which you have learned, Latin has a fourth mood called the subjunctive.  The tenses of the subjunctive are

  PRESENT }
  IMPERFECT } ACTIVE AND PASSIVE
  PERFECT }
  PLUPERFECT }

343. The tenses of the subjunctive have the same time values as the corresponding tenses of the indicative, and, in addition, each of them may refer to future time.  No meanings of the tenses will be given in the paradigms, as the translation varies with the construction used.

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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