Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 433 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

    [Footnote 2:  ille\ standing after its noun means _that well-known,
    that famous_.]



  [Special Vocabulary]

commea:tus, -u:s\, m.. _provisions_ la:titu:do:, -inis\, f., width (latitude) longitu:do:, -inis\, f., _length_ (longitude) magnitu:do:, -inis\, f., size, magnitude merca:tor, merca:to:ris\, m., _trader, merchant_ mu:ni:tio:, -o:nis\, f., fortification (munition) spatium, spati:\, n., _room, space, distance; time_

  cogno:sco:, cogno:scere, cogno:vi:, cognitus\, learn;
    in the perfect tenses, know (re-cognize)
  co:go:, co:gere, coe:gi:, coa:ctus\, _collect; compel_ (cogent)
de:fendo:, de:fendere, de:fendi:, de:fe:nsus\, defend
  incendo:, incendere, incendi:, ince:nsus\, _set fire to, burn_
    (incendiary).  Cf.
  obtineo:, obtine:re, obtinui:, obtentus\, _possess, occupy, hold_
pervenio:, perveni:re, perve:ni:, perventus\, come through, arrive

327. The Latin numeral adjectives may be classified as follows: 

  1. Cardinal Numerals\, answering the question _how many?_ as,
u:nus\, one; duo\, _two_; etc.

  2. Ordinal Numerals\, derived in most cases from the cardinals and
  answering the question _in what order?_ as,
pri:mus\, first;
  secundus\, _second_; etc.

  3. Distributive Numerals\, answering the question _how many at a
  time?_ as,
singuli:\, one at a time.

328. The Cardinal Numerals.  The first twenty of the cardinals are as follows: 

1, u:nus 6, sex 11, u:ndecim 16, se:decim 2, duo 7, septem 12, duodecim 17, septendecim 3, tre:s 8, octo:  13, tredecim 18, duode:vi:ginti:  4, quattuor 9, novem 14, quattuordecim 19, u:nde:vi:ginti:  5, qui:nque 10, decem 15, qui:ndecim 20, vi:ginti: 

    a. Learn also centum\ = 100, ducenti:\ = 200, mi:lle\ = 1000.

329. Declension of the Cardinals.  Of the cardinals only u:nus\, duo\, tre:s\, the hundreds above one hundred, and mi:lle\ used as a noun, are declinable.

a. u:nus\ is one of the nine irregular adjectives, and is declined like nu:llus\ (cf.  Secs. 109, 470).  The plural of u:nus\ is used to agree with a plural noun of a singular meaning, as, u:na castra\, one camp; and with other nouns in the sense of only, as, Galli u:ni\, _only the Gauls_.

    _b._ Learn the declension of duo\, two; tre:s\, _three_; and
mi:lle\, a thousand. (Sec. 479.)

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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