II. 1. Another way much more difficult (more difficult by much) was left through hither Gaul. 2. In ancient times no state was stronger than the Roman empire. 3. The states of further Gaul did not wish to give hostages to Caesar. 4. Slavery is no better (better by nothing) than death. 5. The best citizens are not loved by the worst. 6. The active enemy immediately withdrew into the nearest forest, for they were terrified by Caesar’s recent victories.
FORMATION AND COMPARISON OF ADVERBS
aequus, -a, -um\, _even, level; equal_
cohors, cohortis (-ium)\, f., cohort, a tenth part of a legion,
about 360 men
curro:, currere, cucurri:, cursus\, _run_ (course)
difficulta:s, -a:tis\, f., difficulty
fossa, -ae\, f., _ditch_ (fosse)
ge:ns, gentis (-ium)\, f., race, tribe, nation (Gentile)
nego:tium, nego:ti:\, n., _business, affair, matter_ (negotiate)
regio:, -o:nis\, f., region, district
ru:mor, ru:mo:ris\, m., _rumor, report_. Cf. fa:ma\
simul atque\, conj., _as soon as_
suscipio:, suscipere, susce:pi:, susceptus\,
traho:, trahere, tra:xi:, tra:ctus\, drag, draw (ex-tract)
valeo:, vale:re, valui:, valitu:rus\, _be strong_; plu:rimum vale:re,
_to be most powerful, have great influence_ (value). Cf. validus
319. Adverbs are generally derived from adjectives, as in English (e.g. adj. sweet, adv. sweetly). Like adjectives, they can be compared; but they have no declension.
320. Adverbs derived from adjectives of the first and second declensions are formed and compared as follows:
POSITIVE COMPARATIVE SUPERLATIVE Adj. ca:rus, dear ca:rior ca:rissimus Adv. ca:re:, dearly ca:rius ca:rissime:
Adj. pulcher, beautiful pulchrior pulcherrimus Adv. pulchre:, beautifully pulchrius pulcherrime:
Adj. li:ber, free li:berior li:berrimus Adv. li:bere:, freely li:berius li:berrime:
a. The positive of
the adverb is formed by adding -e: to the base
of the positive of the adjective. The superlative of the adverb is
formed from the superlative of the adjective in the same way.
b. The comparative
of any adverb is the neuter accusative singular
of the comparative of the adjective.
321. Adverbs derived from adjectives of the third declension are formed like those described above in the comparative and superlative. The positive is usually formed by adding -iter to the base of adjectives of three endings or of two endings, and -ter to the base of those of one ending; as,