Latin for Beginners eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 433 pages of information about Latin for Beginners.

II. 1.  Another way much more difficult (more difficult by much) was left through hither Gaul. 2.  In ancient times no state was stronger than the Roman empire. 3.  The states of further Gaul did not wish to give hostages to Caesar. 4.  Slavery is no better (better by nothing) than death. 5.  The best citizens are not loved by the worst. 6.  The active enemy immediately withdrew into the nearest forest, for they were terrified by Caesar’s recent victories.



  [Special Vocabulary]

  aequus, -a, -um\, _even, level; equal_
cohors, cohortis (-ium)\, f., cohort, a tenth part of a legion,
    about 360 men
  curro:, currere, cucurri:, cursus\, _run_ (course)
difficulta:s, -a:tis\, f., difficulty
  fossa, -ae\, f., _ditch_ (fosse)
ge:ns, gentis (-ium)\, f., race, tribe, nation (Gentile)
  nego:tium, nego:ti:\, n., _business, affair, matter_ (negotiate)
regio:, -o:nis\, f., region, district
  ru:mor, ru:mo:ris\, m., _rumor, report_.  Cf. fa:ma\
  simul atque\, conj., _as soon as_

  suscipio:, suscipere, susce:pi:, susceptus\, _undertake_
traho:, trahere, tra:xi:, tra:ctus\, drag, draw (ex-tract)
  valeo:, vale:re, valui:, valitu:rus\, _be strong_; plu:rimum vale:re,
    _to be most powerful, have great influence_ (value).  Cf. validus

319. Adverbs are generally derived from adjectives, as in English (e.g. adj. sweet, adv. sweetly).  Like adjectives, they can be compared; but they have no declension.

320. Adverbs derived from adjectives of the first and second declensions are formed and compared as follows: 

Adj.  ca:rus, dear           ca:rior       ca:rissimus
Adv.  ca:re:, dearly          ca:rius       ca:rissime: 
Adj.  pulcher, beautiful    pulchrior    pulcherrimus
Adv.  pulchre:, beautifully  pulchrius    pulcherrime: 
Adj.  li:ber, free           li:berior     li:berrimus
Adv.  li:bere:, freely        li:berius     li:berrime: 

    a. The positive of the adverb is formed by adding -e:  to the base
    of the positive of the adjective.  The superlative of the adverb is
    formed from the superlative of the adjective in the same way.

    b. The comparative of any adverb is the neuter accusative singular
    of the comparative of the adjective.

321. Adverbs derived from adjectives of the third declension are formed like those described above in the comparative and superlative.  The positive is usually formed by adding -iter to the base of adjectives of three endings or of two endings, and -ter to the base of those of one ending;[1] as,

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Latin for Beginners from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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