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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 315 pages of information about Roumania Past and Present.

G.

Geography (see also ‘Topography’ and ’Geology’): 
  boundaries of Roumania, 3.
  configuration of the surface, 5.
  dimensions, 4.
  hills, zone of, 11. 
  Kazan Pass, the, 22.
  lakes, 25.
  mountains, zone of, 5, 14.
  plains, zone of, 6.
  rivers—­the Danube, 20-25.
    other rivers, 25. 
    Iron Gates, the, 22.
  population, 4.
    of cities, 39, 50, 51, 71.
  summary of geographical characters, 28.

Geology and Mineralogy: 
  Balta Alba, mineral waters of, 25.
  basin of the Danube, 17, 18. 
  Carpathians, slopes of, 18.
    summits of, 18.
  coal and lignite, 18.
  copper and other minerals, 19.
  iron, 18.
  ozokerit (hydrocarbon), 18.
  petroleum wells, 14.
  plains, geology of, 17.
  salt mines, 14, 106-9.

H.

History (see also ’Biography’): 
  Adrianople, treaty of, 221. 
  AEneas Sylvius on the Wallachs, 153. 
  Alexander, Philip, and Lysimachus, their wars with the Getae, 115-17. 
  Anna Comnena on the Wallachs, 152. 
  Anonymous Notary of King Bela, the, 150, 151. 
  Attila, his career and death, 141, 142. 
  Aurelian evacuates Dacia, 135-37. 
  Aurelius (Marcus) defeats the Goths, 134. 
  Avari, the, 143. 
  Bajazet I. overruns Wallachia, 165. 
  Balta-Liman, convention of, 224, Appendix IV.
  bans, voivodes, and khans (early), 163, 164.
  barbarians, 138-60, and Appendix I. (see also ‘Goths,’ ‘Huns,’ &c.). 
  Basilius Lupus, 201. 
  Bassarab, the clan, 163. 
  Basta (General), 192, 195, 198. 
  Bathori, Sigismund, 182, 185, 196. 
    Andreas, 189, 190, 191. 
  Belgrade, treaty of, 216. 
  Bessarabia (Lower) annexed to Moldavia, 228.
    retaken by Russia in exchange for the Dobrudscha, 253. 
  Bogdan, Dragosch, 162, 170.
    son of Stephen, 172. 
  Bonfinius on the Wallachs, 152. 
  Brancovano treats with Peter the Great, 203.
    deposed and executed, 204, 205.
    his great treasures, 205, 206. 
  Bratiano, M., 223, 266. 
  Bucarest, treaty of, 218. 
  Bulgari, their customs, 144-46. 
  Bulgari, their rule, 147, 148. 
  Bulgarians (modern), their revolt (1877), 236.
    their alliance with the Russians, 242. 
  Cantemir treats with Peter the Great, 203.
    flees into Russia, 204. 
  Capitulation of Mircea to the Turks, 165 and Appendix II.
    of Bogdan to the Turks, 172 and Appendix II. 
  Charles, Prince, 16, 17.
    accession, 233.
    difficulties of rule, 234.
    services to army, 237.
    participation in war of 1877-8, 239, 241.
    commander-in-chief before Plevna, 243.
    meets Osman Pasha, 252,
    crowned king, 255.
    personal description, 258-60. 
  Christianity, history of, 65-66 note

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