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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 264 pages of information about Pathfinders of the West.

[3] George Carr, writing to Lord Arlington on December 14, 1665, says:  “Hearing some Frenchmen discourse in New England . . . of a great trade of beaver, and afterward making proof of what they had said, he thought them the best present he could possibly make his Majesty and persuaded them to come to England.”

[4] Colonel Richard Nicolls, writing on July 31, 1665, says he “supposes Col.  Geo. Cartwright is now at sea.”

[5] It plainly could not have been written while en route across the Atlantic with Sir George Cartwright, for it records events after that time.

[6] Robson’s Hudson Bay.

[7] See Dr. N. E. Dionne, also Marie de l’Incarnation, but Sulte discredits this granting of a title.

[8] See Robson’s Hudson Bay, containing reference to the journal kept by Gorst, Bayly’s secretary, at Rupert Fort.

[9] See State Papers, Canadian Archives, 1676, January 26, Whitehall:  Memorial of the Hudson Bay Company complaining of Albanel, a Jesuit, attempting to seduce Radisson and Groseillers from the company’s services; in absence of ships pulling down the British ensign and tampering with the Indians.

[10] I am inclined to think that Albanel may not have been aware of the documents which he carried from Quebec to the traders being practically an offer to bribe Radisson and Groseillers to desert England.  Some accounts say that Albanel was accompanied by Groseillers’ son, but I find no authority for this.  On the other hand, Albanel does not mention the Englishmen being present.  Just as Radisson and Groseillers, ten years before, had taken possession of the old house battered with bullets, so Albanel took possession of the deserted huts.  Here is what his account says (Cramoisy edition of the Relations):  “Le 28 June a peine avions nous avance un quart de lieue, que nous rencontrasmes a main gauche dans un petit ruisseau un heu avec ses agrez de dix ou dou tonneaux, qui portoit le Pavilion Anglois et la voile latine; dela a la portee du fusil, nous entrasmes dans deux maisons desertes . . . nous rencontrasmes deux ou trois cabanes et un chien abandonne. . . .”  His tampering with the Indians was simply the presentation of gifts to attract them to Quebec.

[11] See State Papers, Canadian Archives:  M. Frontenac, the commander of French (?) king’s troops at Hudson Bay, introduces and recommends Father Albanel.

[12] State Papers, Canadian Archives.

[13] For some years there were sensational reports that Mistassini was larger than Lake Superior.  Mr. Low, of the Canadian Geological Survey, in a very exhaustive report, shows this is not so.  Still, the lake ranks with the large lakes of America.  Mr. Low gives its dimensions as one hundred miles long and twelve miles wide.

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