The Mafulu eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 290 pages of information about The Mafulu.

III.  Possessive Pronouns.

1.  These are formed from the simple forms of the personal pronouns by suffixing -ula(ne) literally “his thing.”

    Singular.  Dual.  Plural.

1. naula(ne)      1. daula(ne)      1. diula(ne)
2. nula(ne)       2. yaula(ne)      2. yula(ne)
3. ula(ne)        3. tula(le)       3. mula(ne)

They translate the English mine, thine, etc.  Sometimes in compounds the final n becomes nd.  Ex. nauland’ aua, here is mine.

2.  The adjectival forms appear without the syllable la.

    Singular.  Dual.  Plural.

1. nau(le)      1. dau(le)      1. diu(le)
2. nu(le)       2. yau(le)      2. yu(le)
3. u(le)        3. tu(le)       3. mu(le)

These adjectives precede the noun which they govern.  With personal nouns the forms naula, etc., are sometimes used.

Ex. nau me and naula me, my son; diu vase and diula vase, our guest.

Note.—­The form nulu is heard in the phrase nulu babe, thy father.

The suffix mule is also used in the sense of “own.”

Ex. numul’ ul’ i to, n’ alo, your own name, which I know; namul’ ul i, my own name.  These suggest that the true possessive is simply ul(e) or ula(ne).

IV.  Interrogative Pronouns.

1.  These are:  Da(le)? dau(ne)? who, which? anda(le)? what? unau? which?  They are used also as adjectives.

Ex. Nu da? who art thou? dau ga ne? who has eaten it? anda l’ elete? what did he say? Ivi:  unau?  Ivi:  which one?

2.  When the verb is preceded by the particle ga, dau(ne) must be used instead of da(le).

V. Indefinite Pronouns.

These are the same as the Indefinite Adjectives.

VI.  Relative Pronouns.

The suffix niu(ne) or u(ne) takes the place of a relative pronoun.

Ex. A yaigegemune, the man who descends; audati itedemu bulitsi jalo tolom elota, in the garden which they are cutting now when the food is ripe; ovo jamun’ imbade, the meat taken from the pig; fal’ itamun’ akeda, the men who have dug the ground.


I. Conjugation.

The Fuyuge verb is conjugated by modifications of the terminal syllables, or by a particle added to the subject.

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The Mafulu from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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