The Mafulu eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 349 pages of information about The Mafulu.

The i and y are very difficult to distinguish, especially when they follow one another.  Ex. iye or ye, or ie, tree; iangolo or yangolo, ear.  Father Egidi wrote j for y.

The l and r are very difficult to determine.  Ex. aliete or ariete, to salute; naul’i and naur’i, my eye.  In the vocabulary l is used generally.

The s is often ts.  Ex. tsivu and sivu; su(le) and tsu(le grass.  Also in the future suffix t or ts.  Ex. nati or natsi, I will eat.

II.  Elision.

A great number of Fuyuge words terminate in an open syllable of which the vowel is generally e.  This syllable is usually omitted at the end of a phrase, and nearly always when the following word commences with a consonant.  But if the following word begins with a vowel the final e only falls away.  Thus the complete form of a word is rarely used, except to avoid confusion, or for the sake of emphasis.  The following are examples: 

ovo(le), pig:  ovol’ ovoge, boar, ovo momombe, sow.

ifa(ne), beautiful:  ifa ta, very fine, ifan’ aka, less fine.

da(le), who? nu da? who art thou? dal’ aua? who is this?

i(nde), to give:  ne i, give me, ne ind’ u, give it to me.

_-a(le)_, with:  andal’ a? with what? indiv’ al’ ongai, cut with the knife.

a(le), here:  a mo ma? must I put it here? al’ itatsi, he will sleep here.

u(ne), and:  kitoval’ u kene, black parroquet and white, amb’ un’ ale, banana and sugar cane.

Note (1).  The b in an elision sometimes changes to p. Ex. obe, bud, op’indie, to bud.

(2).  Sometimes two syllables are elided:  Ex. taume, tame, from which comes ovo ta, a tame pig, and ovo taum’ ifa, the tame pig is good.

(3).  Words which do not end in e, rarely elide a final vowel, and never the last syllable.  Ex. kuku, tobacco, kuk’ oko nei, give me a little tobacco; na, I, nu, thee, ongo at the foot of, na n’ ong’ ando, I am at thy feet; umbubi, wash, umbub’ u, wash him.

(4).  Some verbs in _-ri_ or _-li_ however often omit this syllable.  Ex. ivo(ri) to wipe, na ga kodig’ ivo, I have wiped the plates; tsimi(li), to lick, ama tsimi, lick the salt; itu(lili) to split, ol’ itu, split the wood.

In the grammar and vocabulary the syllable which may be elided is enclosed in a bracket, and in compound words and phrases the elision is marked with an apostrophe, as in the preceding examples.

III.  Vowel Changes.

Project Gutenberg
The Mafulu from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
Follow Us on Facebook