The Mafulu eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 290 pages of information about The Mafulu.

    Varying from a dark seal-brown to black. 
    Meyer (Journal of Anthropological Institute, vol. 25, p. 174).

    Dirty black colour, in some instances sun-burned at top to
    a reddish-brown. [The italics are mine.]
    Reed (Negritos of Zambales, p. 35).

    Black, sometimes tinged with red. 
    Haddon (Races of Man, &c., P. 9).

Dutch New Guinea dwarfs.

    Black. 
    Rawling (Geographical Journal, vol. 38, p. 245).

    The hair of some of the pygmies was decidedly dark brown. 
    Statement made to me by Mr. Walter Goodfellow.

    Hair of 3 men (out of 24) distinctly not black, a sort of dirty
    rusty brown or rusty black colour; all others black-haired. 
    Extract supplied to me by Dr. Wollaston from his Diary.

Mafulu.

    Generally dark brown, often quite dark, approaching to black,
    and sometimes perhaps quite black.  But frequently lighter, and
    often not what we in Europe should call dark.

I think that the above tables indicate that, though there are differences, there are elements of similarity between (i) the Mafulu people, (2) the Dutch New Guinea dwarfs, and (3) one or more of the Andamanese, Semang and Aetas; but in my comparison of the Mafulu and the dwarfs of Dutch New Guinea with the other previously known dwarf races I would specially draw attention to their similarity in shortness of stature and (as regards most of the Mafulu and a few of the Dutch New Guinea people) colour of hair; and this impels me to venture to say a few words on the larger question.

I have searched through much existing literature concerning the various hitherto discovered dwarf races of the world with reference to the question whether, even assuming that these people have an original primary ancestry from which the taller negroid races also are descended, they must be regarded as having become a related type, separate and distinct from the latter, as now existing, or whether they must all be treated as merely separate local variations, each of them having failed to develop, or retrograded, and in other respects become different in type from taller negroid races among or near to whom they are found.  And I am struck by the fact that, though the natural tendency to local variation in stature, shape of head, colour and other matters is brought forward in support of the latter theory, no one seems, in connection with the general question, to have noted the fact that, whilst the hair colour of negroes, Papuans and Melanesians is black, the hair of all these various dwarf people seems to be predominantly brown, and that this variation explanation, if regarded as applying to these dwarf races separately and independently of one another, involves a remarkable coinciding double variation (in stature and predominant colour of hair) exhibited by all these dwarf people as compared with the taller negroids.

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The Mafulu from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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