Common errors on the mind.
Error regarding Mind as a whole—that Mind can be exerted without bodily expenditure.
Errors with regard to the feelings.
I. Advice to take on cheerfulness.
Authorities for this prescription.
Presumptions against our ability to comply with it.
Concurrence of the cheerful temperament with youth and health.
With special corporeal vigour. With absence of care and anxiety.
Limitation of Force applies to the mind.
The only means of rescuing from dulness—to increase the supports and diminish the burdens of life.
Difficulties In the choice of amusements
II. Prescribing certain tastes, or pursuits,
Tastes must repose as natural endowment, or else in prolonged education.
III. Inverted relationship of Feelings and Imagination.
Imagination does not determine Feeling, but the reverse.
Examples:—Bacon, Shelley, Byron, Burke,
Chalmers, the Orientals, the
Chinese, the Celt, and the Saxon.
IV. Fallaciousness of the view, that happiness is best gained by not being aimed at.
Seemingly a self-contradiction.
Butler’s view of the disinterestedness of Appetite.
Apart from pleasure and pain, Appetite would not move us.
Parallel from other ends of pursuit—Health.
Life has two aims—Happiness and Virtue—each to be sought directly on its own account.
Errors connected with the will.
I. Cost of energy, of Will. Need of a suitable physical confirmation.
Courage, Prudence, Belief.
II. Free-will a centre of various fallacies.
Doctrines repudiated from the offence given to personal
Operation of this on the history of Free-will.
III. Departing from the usual rendering of a fact, treated as denying the fact.
Metaphysical and Ethical examples.
Alliance of Mind and Matter.
Perception of a Material World.
IV. The terms Freedom and Necessity miss the real point of the human will.
V. Moral Ability and Inability.—Fallacy of seizing a question by the wrong end.
Proper signification of Moral Inability—insufficiency of the ordinary motives, but not of all motives.
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Errors of suppressed correlatives.
Meanings of Relativity—intellectual and emotional.
All impressions greatest at first. Law of Accommodation and habit.
The pleasure of rest presupposes toil.
Knowledge has its charm from previous ignorance.