latitude, the bottom being level and hard; in full
sight of the land the sea was 100 fathom deep, the
coast being steep and mountainous, the interior uniformly
high, of which I append a map. We used our best
endeavours to make a landing, which, however, could
not conveniently be done owing to the steep coast,
whereupon we resolved to run a little more north, where
the coast seemed easier of access; but the wind steadily
blowing very stiffly from the north under the land,
and the tide coming in from the south, we spent a
good deal of time in tacking, until a sudden squall
from the west, which made the coast a lee-shore and
made us lose one of our anchors, threatened to throw
us on the coast. We then made all sail, and the
wind coming round a little, we stood out to sea, not
deeming it advisable to continue longer inshore in
this bad weather with such large heavy ships and such
costly cargoes as we had entrusted to our care, and
with great peril to lose more precious time, but being
contented with having seen the land which at a more
favourable time may be further explored with more fitting
vessels and smaller craft. We have seen no signs
of inhabitants, nor did we always keep near the coast,
since it formed large bays which would have taken
up much time. Still we kept seeing the coast from
time to time, until in 27 degrees we came upon the
land discovered by the ship Eendracht, which land
in the said latitude showed as a red, muddy coast,
which according to the surmises of some of us might
not unlikely prove to be gold-bearing, a point which
may be cleared up in time.
Leaving the 27th degree, we shaped our course north
and north by west, until on the 19th of August we
struck the island of Java 70 miles to eastward of
its western extremity...after which we arrived in Sunda
Caleppe Strait on the 23rd of the same month...
This 7th day of October, 1619.
On board the ship Amsterdam at anchor before our fortress
Your Worships’ Servant, JACOB DEDEL.
Maps of Hessel Gerritsz, numbered VII C and D.
* * * * *
(1622). VOYAGE OF THE SHIP LEEUWIN FROM THE NETHERLANDS
TO JAVA.—DISCOVERY OF THE SOUTH-WEST COAST
OF AUSTRALIA.—LEEUWIN’S LAND.
Chart of Hessel Gerritsz, VII C (1616).
I print such of the legends of this chart as refer
to the results of this expedition:
“Duynich landt boven met boomen ende boseage.
Laegh ghelijck verdroncken landt. ’t Landt van
de Leeuwin beseylt Ao 1622 in Maert [*]. Laegh
duynich landt.” [Dunes with trees and underwood
at top.—Low land seemingly submerged (by
the tide).—Land made by the ship Leeuwin
in March, 1622.—Low land with dunes].
[* The ship Lecuwin had set sail from the Netherlands
on April 20, 1621, and arrived at Batavia May 15,
1622, after a very long voyage, of which the G.-G.
and Counc. did not fail to complain.]