Financier, farmer, Republican. Born in New York,
1912. Attended Yale
University. Lieutenant Colonel, United States Army, Second World War.
Married Barbara Sears, 1948; one son. Married Jeannette Edris, 1956.
Moved to Arkansas, 1953. Chairman, Arkansas Industrial
Commission, 1955-1964. First Republican elected governor since 1872.
Each state is entitled to two United States senators. Until 1913, senators were elected by state legislatures; since that time, by popular vote. Our first senators, chosen in 1836, were Ambrose H. Sevier and William S. Fulton. In the following pages, biographies of Sevier and his successors are given first.
1. Ambrose H. Sevier 1836-1848
Lawyer, Democrat. Born in Tennessee, 1801. Came to Arkansas from Missouri, 1821. Clerk, Territorial House of Representatives, 1821. Member, Territorial House of Representatives, Pulaski County, 1823, 1825; speaker, 1827.
Territorial delegate to Congress, 1828-1836. United States senator, 1836-1848. United States Minister to Mexico, March-June 1848. Died 1848.
2. Solon Borland, 1848-1853
Physician, Democrat. Born in Virginia, 1808. Attended schools in North Carolina; studied medicine; located in Little Rock, Arkansas. Major, First Arkansas Volunteer Cavalry, Mexican War.
United States senator, 1848-1853. United States Minister to Central American Republics, 1853-1854. Brigadier general, Confederate Army. Died 1864.
3. Robert W. Johnson, 1853-1861
Lawyer, Democrat. Born in Kentucky, 1814.
Moved with his father to
Arkansas, 1821. Graduated from St. Joseph’s College, Bardstown,
Kentucky, 1833, and from Yale Law School, 1835. Practiced law in Little
Rock, Arkansas, 1835-1847.
Prosecuting attorney, 1840-1845. Congressman, 1847-1853. United States senator, 1853-1861. Delegate to provisional Confederate Congress, 1861-1862. Confederate States senator, 1862-1865. Practiced law in Washington, D.C. after the war. Died 1879.
4. Charles B. Mitchel, 1861
Physician, Democrat. Born in Tennessee, 1815. Graduated from University of Nashville, Tennessee, 1833, and from Jefferson Medical College, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 1836. Moved to Washington, Arkansas, where he practiced medicine for twenty-five years.
Member, House of Representatives, Hempstead County, 1848-1849. Receiver of public moneys, 1853-1856. United States senator, 1861. Confederate States senator, 1862-1864. Died 1864.
Note: Arkansas was not represented in the United
States Senate from
its secession in 1861 until the state was readmitted to the
Union in 1868.
5. Benjamin F. Rice, 1868-1873
Lawyer, Republican. Born in New York, 1828. Member, Kentucky House of Representatives, 1855-1856. Moved to Minnesota, 1860. Captain, Union Army.