First Book in Physiology and Hygiene eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 149 pages of information about First Book in Physiology and Hygiene.

5. Each leg has a hip, thigh, lower leg, ankle, and foot.  The toes are a part of the foot.

6. Our hands and face and the whole body are covered with something as soft and smooth as the finest silk.  It is the skin.  What is it that grows from the skin on the head? and what at the ends of the fingers and the toes?  We shall learn more about the skin, the hair, and the nails in another lesson.

7. The body has two sides, the right side and the left side, which are alike.  We have two eyes, two ears, two arms, etc.  We have but one nose, one mouth, and one chin, but each of these organs has two halves, which are just alike.


1.  The body has a head and trunk, two arms, and two legs.

2.  The parts of the head are the skull and face.  The forehead, temples, cheeks, eyes, ears, nose, mouth and chin are parts of the face.

3.  The parts of the trunk are, the chest, abdomen, and backbone.  The neck joins the head and trunk.

4.  Each arm has a shoulder, upper-arm, fore-arm, wrist, and hand.  The fingers belong to the hand.

5.  Each leg has a hip, thigh, lower leg, ankle, and foot.  The toes belong to the foot.

6.  The whole body is covered by the skin.

7.  The two sides of the body are alike.



1. Thus far we have taken only a brief look at the outside of the body, just as if we had looked at the case of a watch, and of course we have found out very little about its many wonderful parts.  Very likely you want to ask a great many questions, such as, How does the inside of the body look?  What is in the skull?  What is in the chest?  What is in the abdomen?  Why do we eat and drink?  Why do we become hungry and thirsty?  What makes us tired and sleepy?  How do we keep warm?  Why do we breathe?  How do we grow?  How do we move about?  How do we talk, laugh, and sing?  How do we see, hear, feel, taste, and smell?  How do we remember, think, and reason?  All these, and a great many more interesting questions, you will find answered in the following lessons, if you study each one well.

2. When we study the inside of the body, we begin to understand how wonderfully we are made.  We cannot all see the inside of the body, and it is not necessary that we should do so.  Many learned men have spent their whole lives in seeking to find out all about our bodies and the bodies of various animals.

3.  The Bones.—­If you take hold of your arm, it seems soft on the outside; and if you press upon it, you will feel something hard inside.  The soft part is called flesh.  The hard part is called bone.  If you wish, you can easily get one of the bones of an animal at the butcher’s shop, or you may find one in the fields.

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First Book in Physiology and Hygiene from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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