Since 1850 there has been but little German immigration into the Petropolis colony. On the other hand, this particular colony has been a rich source for indirect German immigration into the more southern states.
Among the recent state colonies of Rio de Janeiro that of =Visconde de Maua= is largely populated by Germans.
The oldest German settlements in the state are the provincial colonies founded in 1827. On November 13th of that year the first levy of settlers, all South Germans, landed at Santos. These were apportioned into two colonies; one located at Santo Amaro and the other between Penha and Nossa Senhora dos Garulhos.
The provincial colony of =Quilombo=, located between Itapecerica and Contia, was founded in 1828.
In 1847 the private colonies of =Ybicaba= and =Angelica= were founded by the Senador Vergueiro. They were put on the basis of meiacao, the later abuse of which, by others than Vergueiro, paved the way for the famous Heydt rescript of November 3d, 1859.
In the following more recently established provincial colonies the population is largely made up of German settlers: =Campos Salles=, founded in 1897; =Jorge Tibirica=, founded in 1905; =Nova Europa=, founded in 1907; and =Bandeirantes=, founded in 1908. In addition to these, the provincial colonies of =Moncao= and =Pariquera Assu= also contain important quotas of Germans.
In the state of Sao Paulo the Germans form to-day an urban rather than a rural population. They are very strongly represented in Sao Paulo (the capital), Campinas and Santos. The following towns and their vicinities are also important centers of German population: Riberao Pires, Sao Bernardo, Rocinha, Vallinhos, Helvetia, Nova Friburgo, Salto de Ytu, Sorocaba, Botucatu, Riberao Preto, Sao Joao da Boa Vista, Villa Americana, Pires, Araras, Leme, Rio Claro, Sao Carlos do Pinhal, Santa Rita do Passo Quatro, Santa Cruz das Palmeiras, Brotas, Dous Corregos, Jahu, Villa Raffard, Piracicaba, and Jacarehy.
Excepting the older colonies first mentioned, the German element in Sao Paulo is largely made up as the result of indirect immigration; in the early years from the Petropolis district, and later from the more southern states and from Argentine.
The state colony of =Rio Negro= was founded in 1829 while this section of Brazil was still within the limits of Sao Paulo. Shortly after its founding the colony was increased by the location of members of the mustered-out German legion of the Imperial army. Subsequently many settlers from the Sao Bento district in Santa Catharina moved over to this colony.
The following provincial colonies are settled largely by Germans or German-speaking Austrians: =Jesuino Marcondes, Ivahy, Iraty,= all founded in 1907; =Itapara= and =Tayo=, both founded in 1908; and =Vera Guarany=, founded in 1909.