The German Element in Brazil eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 40 pages of information about The German Element in Brazil.

The almanacs mentioned above have for years been appearing regularly.  In addition there have been many others, appearing, as a rule, only for a year or sporadically.  Their influence has been of minor importance.

In addition to being an indispensible source of information to the colonists, the Brazilian German almanacs are also most valuable to persons living outside of Brazil who want to form an idea of the life of those colonists.

NEWSPAPERS.

The history of the German newspapers in Brazil has its beginning in the early fifties of the past century.  In October, 1852, Der Kolonist appeared for the first time in Porto Alegre.  This journalistic effort was short-lived.  From December, 1853, to July 10th, 1861, Der Deutsche Einwanderer, appeared in the same city.  Beginning with April 16th, 1853, Der Deutsche Beobachter, edited by B. Goldschmidt and G.F.  Busch appeared in Rio de Janeiro.  This, like the preceding, soon turned from an ordinary newspaper into a propaganda-sheet for the solicitation of colonists and accordingly went out of existence.  In 1858 the Brasilia, a weekly, appeared in Petropolis.  It lasted about one year.  Beginning with January 17th, 1864, the Germania, a weekly edited by Peter Mueller, appeared in the same city.  This was a most important paper in its time and enjoyed a wide circulation.  It lasted, however, only a few years.

From 1860 to date the number of German newspapers with an ephemeral existence published in Brazil is legion.  Excepting those above mentioned, we shall only concern ourselves with the ones which had a continual existence from the time of their founding and appearing to this day.  They are included in the following list.  In this list is indicated in each case the title of the paper, the place of publication, the number of times it appears weekly and the year in which it was founded.

Deutsche Zeitung, Porto Alegre.  Daily. 1861. Kolonie Zeitung, Joinville.  Semi-weekly. 1862. Deutsches Volksblatt, Porto Alegre.  Daily and weekly, 1870. Germania, Sao Paulo.  Daily. 1877. Deutsche Post, Sao Leopoldo.  Daily. 1880. Blumenauer Zeitung, Blumenau.  Semi-weekly. 1881. Neue Deutsche Zeitung, Porto Alegre.  Daily and weekly. 1881. Der Beobachter, Curityba.  Thrice weekly. 1889. Kolonie, Santa Cruz.  Thrice weekly. 1890. Der Urwaldsbote, Blumenau.  Semi-weekly. 1892. Nachrichten, Petropolis.  Semi-weekly. 1892. Deutsche Zeitung fuer Sao Paulo. Daily. 1897. Vaterland, Porto Alegre.  Daily. 1901. Der Kompass, Curityba.  Thrice weekly. 1901. Volks-Zeitung, Sao Bento.  Weekly. 1908. Die Serra Post, Ijuhy.  Semi-weekly. 1910. Brusquer Zeitung, Brusque.  Weekly. 1911. Deutsche Wacht, Pelotas.  Semi-weekly. 1914. Deutsches Tageblatt, Rio de Janeiro.  Daily. 1914.

From what has been said above, in reference both to almanacs and newspapers, it will be noted that Porto Alegre in Rio Grande do Sul has from the beginning been the most important center for Brazilian German journalistic efforts.

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The German Element in Brazil from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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