The German Element in Brazil eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 40 pages of information about The German Element in Brazil.
Brazilian    Brazilian
Portuguese.  German.     English.
macaco.......  makak.......  monkey.
trapiche.....  trapisch....  warehouse (on the wharf).

3) Internal phonetic changes have taken place in such words as: 

Brazilian    Brazilian
Portuguese.  German.     English.
kaschero.....  kaschoer.....  shop-man, clerk (in a store).
municipio....  munizip.....  district.

B. Feminines.

In feminines the final vowel ‘_-a_’ is as a rule weakened to ’e’, e.g.,

Brazilian    Brazilian
Portuguese.  German.     English.
capoeira.....  capoeire....  copse.
carreta......  carrete.....  cart.
garaffa......  garaffe.....  bottle.
lancha.......  lanche......  barge.
larancha.....  laranche....  orange.
mula.........  mule........  mule.
persianna....  persianne...   Venetian-blind.
picada.......  picade......  lane (through a forest).
pimenta......  pimente.....  pepper.
pipa.........  pipe........  barrel, tun.
roca.........  rosse.......  clearing (of a forest).
sanga........  sange.......  ditch.
tolda........  tolde.......  cover, hood (of a wagon).
traca........  trace.......  track, design.
venda........  vende.......  inn, store.

C. Change of gender in nouns.

1) Masculine to feminine, e.g.,

Brazilian    Brazilian
Portuguese.  German.      English.

     barranco m. barranke f. slope.
     cabresto m. cabreste f. halter.
     cachimbo m. kaschimbe f. tobacco-pipe.
     camarote m. camarote f. box (in a theater).
     cangalho m. cangalhe f. packsaddle.
     charuto m.. charute f.. cigar.
     farelo m... farelle f.. bran.
     hiate m.... jatte f.... yacht.
     portreiro m. portreere f. pasture-ground.
     rio m...... rio f......
                    (rarely m.) stream, river.

2) Feminine to masculine, e.g.,

Brazilian    Brazilian
Portuguese.  German.     English.

     cachaca f.. cachass m. gin, brandy (of sugar-cane).
     troca f.... troc m.... change (of money).

3) Masculine to neuter, e.g.,

Brazilian    Brazilian
Portuguese.  German.     English.
doce m..... doss n.... candy, confectionery. fosforo m.. fosforo n. match. tatu m..... tatu n.... armadillo. xarque m... xarque n.. jerked beef.

4) Feminine to neuter, e.g.,

Copyrights
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The German Element in Brazil from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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