The Relations Between Religion and Science eBook

Frederick Temple
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 140 pages of information about The Relations Between Religion and Science.

Genesis i. 27.

So God created man in His own image, in the image of God created He him.

Contradiction of Free-Will to doctrine of Uniformity.  Butler’s examination of the question.  Hume’s solution.  Kant’s solution.  Determinism.  The real result of examination of the facts.  Interference of the will always possible, but comparatively rare.  The need of a fixed nature for our self-discipline, and so for our spiritual life.

LECTURE IV.

Apparent conflict between religion and the doctrine of evolution.

Romans i. 20.

For the invisible things of Him from the creation of the world are clearly seen, being understood by the things that are made, even His eternal power and Godhead.

Foundation of the doctrine of Evolution.  Great development in recent times.  Objection felt by many religious men.  Alleged to destroy argument from design.  Paley’s argument examined.  Doctrine of Evolution adds force to the argument, and removes objections to it.  Argument from progress; from beauty; from unity.  The conflict not real.

LECTURE V.

Revelation the means of developing and completing spiritual knowledge.

Hebrews i. 1.

God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past to the Fathers by the Prophets, hath in these last days spoken to us by His Son.

The evolution of Knowledge.  Does not affect the truth of Science.  Nor of Religion.  Special characteristic of evolution of Religious Knowledge, that it is due to Revelation.  All higher Religions have claimed to be Revelations.  The evolution of Religious Knowledge in the Old Testament; yet the Old Testament a Revelation.  Still more the New Testament.  The miraculous element in Revelation.  Its place and need.  Harmony of this mode of evolution with the teaching of the Spiritual Faculty.

LECTURE VI.

APPARENT COLLISION BETWEEN RELIGION AND THE DOCTRINE OF EVOLUTION.

Psalm c. 3.

Know ye that the Lord He is God:  it is He that hath made us, and not we ourselves.

Evolution examined.  The formation of the habitable world.  The formation of the creatures which inhabit it.  Transmission of characteristics.  Variations perpetually introduced.  Natural selection.  On the other side, life not yet accounted for by Evolution.  Cause of variations not yet examined.  Moral Law incapable of being evolved.  Account given in Genesis not at variance with doctrine of Evolution.  Evolution of man not inconsistent with dignity of humanity.

LECTURE VII.

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