Pumpion: pumpkin.
 Parts: accomplishments.
 Sanson’s Atlas: a very large atlas by a French geographer in use in Swift’s time.
 As good a hand of me: as much money of me.
 Moidore: a Portuguese gold piece worth about six dollars.
 Guineas: an obsolete English gold coin, of the value of five dollars.
 Phoenix: a bird of fable said to live for a long time and rise anew from its own ashes.
 Cabinet: a private room.
 Scrutoire: a writing-desk.
 Waiting: attendance on the king.
 Lusus naturae: a freak of nature.
 Royal Sovereign: one of the great ships of Swift’s time.
 Dunstable lark: large larks are caught on the downs near Dunstable between September and February, and sent to London for luxurious tables.
 Drone: the largest tube of a bag-pipe, giving forth a dull heavy tone.
 Gresham College, in London, is named after the founder, an English merchant, who died in 1579.
 The square of: as large as the square of.
 Salisbury Steeple: this is about four hundred feet high.
 Battalia: the order of battle.
 Espalier: a lattice upon which fruit-trees or shrubs are trained.
 Scull: a short oar.
 Starboard or larboard: right or left.
 Corking-pin: a larger-sized pin.
 Stomacher: a broad belt.
 Varlet: knave.
 Levee: a ceremonious visit received by a distinguished person in the morning.
 Spinet: a stringed instrument, a forerunner of out piano.
 Closet: private room.
 Signal: memorable.
 Chancery: a high court of equity.
 Glossing: commenting.
 Dionysius of Halicarnassus was born about the middle of the first century, B.C.; he endeavored in his history to relieve his Greek countrymen from the mortification they had felt in their subjection to the Romans, and patched up an old legend about Rome being of Greek origin and therefore their “political mother.”
 Ideas, entities, abstractions, transcendentals, words used in that philosophy which deals with thinking, existence, and things beyond the senses.
 Mercurial: active, spirited.
 Composition: compact, agreement.
 Progress: an old term for the travelling of the sovereign to different parts of his country.
 Tumbrel: a rough cart.
 Page: a serving-boy, and especially one who waits on a person of rank.