Stang: an old word for a perch, sixteen feet and a half, also for a rood of ground.
 Chairs: a sedan chair is here meant. It held one person, and was carried by two men by means of projecting poles.
 Crest: a decoration to denote rank.
 Lingua Franca: a language—Italian mixed with Arabic, Greek, and Turkish—used by Frenchmen, Spaniards, and Italians trading with Arabs, Turks, and Greeks. It is the commercial language of Constantinople.
 Imprimis: in the first place, (pr.) im pri’ mis.
 Lucid: shining, transparent.
 Yeomen of the guards: freemen forming the bodyguard of the sovereign.
 Pocket perspective: a small spy-glass or telescope.
 Trencher: a wooden plate or platter.
 Corn: such grains as wheat, rye, barley, oats.
 Quadrant: an instrument long used for measuring altitudes.
 Skirt: coat-tail.
 Alcoran the Koran or Mohammedan Bible.
 Embargo: an order not to sail.
 Discompose them: displace them.
 Puissant: powerful.
 Junto: a body of men secretly united to gain some political end.
 Pulling: plucking and drawing, preparatory to cooking,
 Meaner: of lower rank.
 Portion: the part of an estate given to a child.
 Domestic: the household and all pertaining thereto.
 Exchequer bills: bills of credit issued from the exchequer by authority of parliament.
 Close chair: sedan chair.
 Cabal: a body of men united for some sinister purpose.
 Lee side: side sheltered from the wind.
 Ancient: flag, corrupted from ensign.
 Downs: A famous natural roadstead off the southeast coast of Kent, between Goodwin Sands and the mainland, south of the Thames entrance.
 Black Bull: inns in England are often named after animals with an adjective descriptive of the color of the sign; as, The Golden Lion, The White Horse.
 Towardly: apt, docile.
 Straits of Madagascar: Mozambique Channel.
 The line: the equator.
 Hinds: peasants; rustics.
 Pistoles: about three dollars and sixty cents.
 Trencher-side: up to his trencher or wooden plate.
 Discovering: Showing.
 From London Bridge to Chelsea: about three miles as the birds fly.
 Pillion: a cushion for a woman to ride on behind a person on horseback. From London to St. Alban’s: about twenty miles.