Edmund Farwell Slafter was born in Norwich, Vt., on May 30th, 1816. He was graduated at Dartmouth in 1840, studied at Andover Theological Seminary, and in 1844 was ordained a minister of the Protestant Episcopal Church. Since 1877 he has given his leisure time to historical studies. He has published, among other works, Sir William Alexander and American Colonization, in the series of the Prince Society (Boston, 1873), Voyages of the Northmen to America, edited with an introduction (1877), Voyages of Samuel de Champlain, translated from the French by Charles Pomeroy Otis, with historical illustrations and a memoir (three volumes, 1878, 1880, 1882).
1567 or 1570—Birth of Samuel Champlain.
1598—Champlain makes a voyage to Spain.
1599—Joins an expedition against the English to the West Indies.
1601—Returns from America.
1603—Goes to Canada as lieutenant of Aymar de Chastes, viceroy of New France, explores the river St. Lawrence to Sault St. Louis, and returns the same year.
1604—Follows de Monts’ fortune in Acadia as geographer and historian of the expedition; lives on Ste. Croix Island and at Port Royal till the year 1607.
1608—As lieutenant of de Monts, viceroy of New France, Champlain crosses the Atlantic and founds Quebec.
1609—Champlain’s expedition against the Iroquois. Leaves for France on September 5th.
1610—Champlain returns to Quebec and goes back to France the same year. His marriage with Helene Boulle on December 30th, 1610.
1611—Champlain comes again to Quebec; founds Montreal; sails for France on July 20th. De Monts’ company ceases to exist.
1612—Champlain sails for Canada and explores the country as far as Allumette Island. Goes to France. Comte de Soissons appointed viceroy of New France; dies soon after. The Prince de Conde takes his place, and retains Champlain as his lieutenant.
1613—Champlain leaves France for Canada, where he stays till 1614.
1615—Returns to Quebec with the Recollet Fathers; he goes as far as the Huron country; particulars of these tribes, their customs, manners, etc.; Champlain assists them in a war against the Iroquois; follows them and comes back to the Huron country, where he spends the winter.
1616—Leaves for Quebec on May 20th; work of the missionaries in the meantime; meeting of the habitants and result of their deliberations; memorandum addressed to the king; Champlain goes to France.
1617—Champlain sails from Honfleur on April 11th for Quebec; Louis Hebert’s family accompanies him.
1618—Champlain returns to France. Marechal de Themines appointed viceroy per interim after Conde’s dismissal. Difficulties met by Champlain in 1617; his projects laid before the king. Champlain gains his point and preserves his former position.