The Makers of Canada: Champlain eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 242 pages of information about The Makers of Canada.

[3] Tadousac means breast, and is derived from the Montagnais Totouchac.  Father Jerome Lalemant says that the Indians called the place Sadilege.

[4] This volume is entitled Des Sauvages ou Voyage de Samuel Champlain de Brouage, fait en la Nouvelle France, l’an mil six cent trois ...  A Paris ... 1604.

Extremely rare.  The original of the first edition is kept at the Bibliotheque Nationale in Paris; this is the only copy known.

This volume contains a dedication to Charles de Montmorency, admiral of France, a letter in verse from the Sieur de la Franchise, and an extract from the Privilege du Roi, dated November 15th, 1603, signed by Brigard.

The second edition does not differ much from the preceding, and its title bears the date 1604.  Purchas’s Pilgrims contains an English version of this last edition.  We find a synopsis of it in the Mercure Francois, 1609, in the preface to the former called Chronologie Septennaire de l’Histoire de la paix entre les rois de France et d’Espagne, 1598-1608.  This historical part has been borrowed by Victor Palma Cayet for Champlain’s Voyage, and its title is:  Navigation des Francais en la Nouvelle France dite Canada.



Soon after the period mentioned at the close of the previous chapter, Pierre du Gua, Sieur de Monts, Governor of Pont, a native of the ancient province of Saintonge, who had served under Henry IV, obtained a commission as “Lieutenant general au pays de Cadie, du 40 deg. au 46 deg.,” on the condition that his energies should be especially directed to the propagation of the Catholic faith.

De Monts was a Huguenot; nevertheless he agreed to take with him to America a number of Catholic priests, and to see that they were respected and obeyed.  Champlain was not satisfied with the choice of a Protestant to colonize a country which he had intended to make solely Catholic, and he states, “that those enterprises made hastily never succeed.”

De Monts was not a stranger to America.  He had first visited the country with Chauvin in 1600, but when he left Tadousac he was so discouraged that he determined, in the event of his becoming master of the situation, to attempt colonization only in Acadia, or on the eastern borders of the Atlantic running towards Florida.

It was well known in France that Acadia was the richest and most fertile part of the New World.  Excellent harbours and good soil were found there.  Fish abounded near its coasts; its forests were numerous and dense.  An opinion existed that there were numerous mines, rich in copper, coal and gypsum.  This country was also the favourite of the Normans, Britons and Basques, who for a hundred years had pursued their callings as fishermen or traders without interruption.

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