Watch and Clock Escapements eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 236 pages of information about Watch and Clock Escapements.

From the intersection of the line f e with the arc i we lay off eight and one-half degrees, and through this point draw the line e h.  Bear in mind that we are drawing the pallet at B to represent one with eight and one-half degrees fork-and-pallet action, and with equidistant lockings.  If we reason on the matter under consideration, we will see the tooth A and the pallet B, against which it acts, part or separate when the tooth arrives at the point c; that is, after the escape wheel has moved through ten and one-half degrees of angular motion, the tooth drops from the impulse face of the pallet and falls through one and one-half degrees of arc, when the tooth A’’, Fig. 10, is arrested by the exit pallet.

To locate the position of the inner angle of the pallet B, sweep the short arc l by setting the dividers so one point or leg rests at the center e and the other at the point c.  Somewhere on this arc l is to be located the inner angle of our pallet.  In delineating this angle, Moritz Grossman, in his “Prize Essay on the Detached Lever Escapement,” makes an error, in Plate III of large English edition, of more than his entire lock, or about two degrees.  We make no apologies for calling attention to this mistake on the part of an authority holding so high a position on such matters as Mr. Grossman, because a mistake is a mistake, no matter who makes it.

We will say no more of this error at present, but will farther on show drawings of Mr. Grossman’s faulty method, and also the correct method of drawing such a pallet.  To delineate the locking face of our pallet, from the point formed by the intersection of the lines e g b b’, Fig. 9, as a center, we draw the line j at an angle of twelve degrees to b b’’.  In doing this we employ the same method of establishing the angle as we made use of in drawing the lines e g and e h, Fig. 10.  The line j establishes the locking face of the pallet B.  Setting the locking face of the pallet at twelve degrees has been found in practice to give a safe “draw” to the pallet and keep the lever secure against the bank.  It will be remembered the face of the escape-wheel tooth was drawn at twenty-four degrees to a radial line of the escape wheel, which, in this instance, is the line b b’, Fig. 9.  It will now be seen that the angle of the pallet just halves this angle, and consequently the tooth A only rests with its point on the locking face of the pallet.  We do not show the outlines of the pallet B, because we have not so far pointed out the correct method of delineating it.

METHODS OF MAKING GOOD DRAWING INSTRUMENTS.

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