*Project Gutenberg*. Public domain.

For all practical purposes it will make no difference whether such parallelism takes place after eight or nine degrees of angular motion of the escape wheel subsequent to the locking action. The great point, as far as practical results go, is to determine if it takes place at or near the time the escape wheel meets the greatest resistance from the hairspring. We find by analysis of our drawing that parallelism takes place about the time when the tooth has three degrees of angular motion to make, and the pallet lacks about two degrees of angular movement for the tooth to escape. It is thus evident that the relations, as shown in our drawing, are in favor of the train or mainspring power over hairspring resistance as three is to two, while the average is only as eleven to ten; that is, the escape wheel in its entire effort passes through eleven degrees of angular motion, while the pallets and fork move through ten degrees. The student will thus see we have arranged to give the train-power an advantage where it is most needed to overcome the opposing influence of the hairspring.

[Illustration: Fig. 92]

As regards the exalted adhesion of the parallel surfaces, we fancy there is more harm feared than really exists, because, to take the worst view of the situation, such parallelism only exists for the briefest duration, in a practical sense, because theoretically these surfaces never slide on each other as parallel planes. Mathematically considered, the theoretical plane represented by the impulse face of the tooth approaches parallelism with the plane represented by the impulse face of the pallet, arrives at parallelism and instantly passes away from such parallelism.

## TO DRAW A PALLET IN ANY POSITION.

As delineated in Fig. 92, the impulse planes of the
tooth and pallet are in contact; but we have it in
our power to delineate the pallet at any point we
choose between the arcs *p s*. To describe
and illustrate the above remark, we say the lines
*B e* and *B f* embrace five degrees of
angular motion of the pallet. Now, the impulse
plane of the pallet occupies four of these five degrees.
We do not draw a radial line from *B* inside
of the line *B e* to show where the outer angle
of the impulse plane commences, but the reader will
see that the impulse plane is drawn one degree on
the arc *p* below the line *B e*. We
continue the line *h h* to represent the impulse
face of the tooth, and measure the angle *B n h*
and find it to be twenty-seven degrees. Now suppose
we wish to delineate the entrance pallet as if not
in contact with the escape-wheel tooth—for
illustration, say, we wish the inner angle of the
pallet to be at the point *v* on the arc *s*.
We draw the radial line *B l* through *v*;
and if we draw another line so it passes through the
point *v* at an angle of twenty-seven degrees
to *B l*, and continue said line so it crosses
the arc *p*, we delineate the impulse face of
our pallet.