Watch and Clock Escapements eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 236 pages of information about Watch and Clock Escapements.

The reader is urged to make the drawings for himself on a large scale, say, an escape wheel 10” pitch diameter.  Such drawings will enable him to realize small errors which have been tolerated too much in drawings of this kind.  The drawings, as they appear in the cut, are one-fourth the size recommended, and many of the lines fail to show points we desire to call attention to.  As for instance, the pallet center at B is tangential to the pitch circle a from the point of tooth contact at f.  To establish this point we draw the radial lines A c and A d from the escape-wheel center A, as shown, by laying off thirty degrees on each side of the intersection of the vertical line i (passing through the centers A B) with the arc a, and then laying off two and a half degrees on a and establishing the point f, and through f from the center A draw the radial line A f’.  Through the point f we draw the tangent line b’ b b’’, and at the intersection of the line b with i we establish the center of our pallet staff at B.  At two and a half degrees from the point c we lay off two and a half degrees to the right of said point and establish the point n, and draw the radial line A n n’, which establishes the extent of the arc of angular motion of the escape wheel utilized by the pallet arm.

[Illustration:  Fig. 90]

We have now come to the point where we must exercise our reasoning powers a little.  We know the locking angle of the escape-wheel tooth passes on the arc a, and if we utilize the impulse face of the tooth for five degrees of pallet or lever motion we must shape it to this end.  We draw the short arc k through the point n, knowing that the inner angle of the pallet stone must rest on this arc wherever it is situated.  As, for instance, when the locking face of the pallet is engaged, the inner angle of the pallet stone must rest somewhere on this arc (k) inside of a, and the extreme outer angle of the impulse face of the tooth must part with the pallet on this arc k.

HOW TO LOCATE THE PALLET ACTION.

With the parts related to each other as shown in the cut, to establish where the inner angle of the pallet stone is located in the drawing, we measure down on the arc k five degrees from its intersection with a, and establish the point s.  The line B b, Fig. 90, as the reader will see, does not coincide with the intersection of the arcs a and k, and to conveniently get at the proper location for the inner angle of our pallet stone, we draw the line B b’, which passes through the point n located at the intersection of the arc a with the arc k.  From B as a center we sweep the short arc j with any convenient radius of which we have a sixty-degree

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