Watch and Clock Escapements eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 202 pages of information about Watch and Clock Escapements.
a little and recessed on their inner faces, as shown in Fig. 70, to grasp the edges of the roller A.  The heat of an alcohol lamp is applied to the loop of the wire at g until the small bit of shellac placed in the hole h melts.  The necessary small pieces of shellac are made by warming a bit of the gum to near the melting point and then drawing the softened gum into a filament the size of horse hair.  A bit of this broken off and placed in the hole h supplies the cement necessary to fasten the jewel pin.  Figs. 68 and 69 will, no doubt, assist in a clear understanding of the matter.

HOW TO MAKE AN ANGLE-MEASURING DEVICE.

We will now resume the consideration of the device for measuring the extent of the angular motion of the fork and pallets.  Now, before we take this matter up in detail we wish to say, or rather repeat what we have said before, which is to the effect that ten degrees of fork and lever action is not imperative, as we can get just as sound an action and precisely as good results with nine and a half or even nine degrees as with ten, if other acting parts are in unison with such an arc of angular motion.  The chief use of such an angle-measuring device is to aid in comparing the relative action of the several parts with a known standard.

[Illustration:  Fig. 71]

For use with full-plate movements about the best plan is a spring clip or clasp to embrace the pallet staff below the pallets.  We show at Fig. 71 such a device.  To make it, take a rather large size of sewing needle—­the kind known as a milliner’s needle is about the best.  The diameter of the needle should be about No. 2, so that at b we can drill and put in a small screw.  It is important that the whole affair should be very light.  The length of the needle should be about 1-5/8”, in order that from the notch a to the end of the needle A’ should be 11/2”.  The needle should be annealed and flattened a little, to give a pretty good grasp to the notch a on the pallet staff.

Good judgment is important in making this clamp, as it is nearly impossible to give exact measurements.  About 1/40” in width when seen in the direction of the arrow j will be found to be about the right width.  The spring B can be made of a bit of mainspring, annealed and filed down to agree in width with the part A.  In connection with the device shown at Fig. 71 we need a movement-holder to hold the movement as nearly a constant height as possible above the bench.  The idea is, when the clamp A B is slipped on the pallet staff the index hand A’ will extend outward, as shown in Fig. 72, where the circle C is supposed to represent the top plate of a watch, and A’ the index hand.

HOW THE ANGULAR MOTION IS MEASURED.

[Illustration:  Fig. 72]

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Watch and Clock Escapements from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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