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This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 202 pages of information about Watch and Clock Escapements.

IMITATION RUBIES FOR CAPPING THE TOP PIVOTS.

The top pivots to the escape wheel should be capped with imitation rubies for appearance sake only, letting the cap settings be red gold, or brass red gilded.  If real twelve-karat gold is employed the cost will not be much, as the settings are only about 3/8” across and can be turned very thin, so they will really contain but very little gold.  The reason why we recommend imitation ruby cap jewels for the upper holes, is that such jewels are much more brilliant than any real stone we can get for a moderate cost.  Besides, there is no wear on them.

The pallet jewels are also best made of glass, as garnet or any red stone will look almost black in such large pieces.  Red carnelian has a sort of brick-red color, which has a cheap appearance.  There is a new phosphorus glass used by optical instrument makers which is intensely hard, and if colored ruby-red makes a beautiful pallet jewel, which will afford as much service as if real stones were used; they are no cheaper than carnelian pallets, but much richer looking.  The prettiest cap for the balance is one of those foilback stones in imitation of a rose-cut diamond.

[Illustration:  Fig. 30]

[Illustration:  Fig. 31]

In turning the staffs it is the best plan to use double centers, but a piece of Stubs steel wire that will go into a No. 40 wire chuck, will answer; in case such wire is used, a brass collet must be provided.  This will be understood by inspecting Fig. 30, where L represents the Stubs wire and B N the brass collet, with the balance seat shown at k.  The escape-wheel arbor and pallet staff can be made in the same way.  The lower end of the escape wheel pivot is made about 1/4” long, so that a short piece of brass wire can be screwed upon it, as shown in Fig. 31, where h represents the pivot, A the lower plate, and the dotted line at p the brass piece screwed on the end of the pivot.  This piece p is simply a short bit of brass wire with a female screw tapped into the end, which screws on to the pivot.  An arm is attached to p, as shown at T.  The idea is, the pieces T p act like a lathe dog to convey the power from one of the pivots of an old eight-day spring clock movement, which is secured by screws to the lower side of the main plate A.  The plan is illustrated at Fig. 32, where l represents pivot of the eight-day clock employed to run the model.  Counting the escape-wheel pivot of the clock as one, we take the third pivot from this in the clock train, placing the movement so this point comes opposite the escape-wheel pivot of the model, and screw the clock movement fast to the lower side of the plate A.  The parts T, Fig. 33, are alike on both pivots.

[Illustration:  Fig. 32]

[Illustration:  Fig. 33]

PROFITABLE FOR EXPLAINING TO A CUSTOMER.

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