Of the Orthographie and Congruitie of the Britan Tongue eBook

Alexander Hume
This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 46 pages of information about Of the Orthographie and Congruitie of the Britan Tongue.

7.  This for apostrophus.  Hyphen is, as it wer, a band uniting whol wordes joined in composition; as, a hand-maed, a heard-man, tongue-tyed, out-rage, foer-warned, mis-reported, fals-deemed.

OF THE CONGRUITIE

OF OUR BRITAN

TONGUE.

LIB. 2.

OF THE PERSON.

Cap. 1.

1.  Al wordes q_uhi_lk we use to expresse our mynde are personal or impersonal.

2.  A personal word is q_uhi_lk admittes diversitie of person.

3.  Person is the face of a word, quhilk in diverse formes of speach it diverselie putes on; as, I, Peter, say that thou art the son of God.  Thou, Peter, sayes that I am the son of God.  Peter said that I am the son of God.

4.  Quherupon person is first, second, and third.

5.  The first person is of him that speakes; as, I wryte.

6.  The second person is of him that is spoaken to; as, thou wrytes.

7.  The third person is of him that is spoaken of; as, Peter wrytes.

OF NU_M_BER.

Cap. 2.

1.  Number is distinction of person be one and moe; and soe is singular and plural.

2.  The singular speakes of one; as, a hand, a tree, a sheep, a horse, a man.

3.  The plural speakes of moe then one; as, handes, trees, sheep, horses, men, tuo, three, foure, or moe, or how manie soever.

4.  This difference is com_m_onlie noted with es at the end of the word singular; as, a house, houses; a windoe, windoes; a doore, tuo doores.

5.  Sum tymes it is noated be changing a letter; as, a man, men; a woman, wemen; a goose, geese.

6.  Sum tyme be changing noe thing; as, a sheep, a thousand sheep; a horse, an hundred horse; a noute, ten noute.

OF THE DETERMINATION OF THE PERSON.

Cap. 3.

1.  A personal word is a noun or a verb.  A noun is a word of one person w_i_th gender and case; as, I is onelie of the first person; thou is onelie of the second; and al other nounes are onelie the third person; as, thou, Thomas, head, hand, stone, blok, except they be joined with I or thou.

2.  The person of a noun singular is determined or undetermined.

3.  The determined person is noated with the, and it is determined either be an other substantive; as, the king of Britan; or be an adjective; as, the best king in Europ; or be a relative; as, God preserve the king quhom he hath geven us.

4.  The undetermined noun is noated with an befoer a voual; as, an ald man sould be wyse; and with a befoer a consonant; as, a father sould com_m_and his son.

OF THE GENDER OF A NOUN.

Cap. 4.

1.  Gender is the affection of a noun for distinction of sex.

2.  Sex is a distinction of a noun be male and female, and these are distinguished the one from the other, or both from thinges without sex.

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Of the Orthographie and Congruitie of the Britan Tongue from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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