Wage Earning and Education eBook

This eBook from the Gutenberg Project consists of approximately 130 pages of information about Wage Earning and Education.

OTHER OCCUPATIONS

Other departments of the printing industry are photoengraving, stereotyping, electrotyping, and lithographing.  They give employment to approximately 700 workers, distributed among more than 20 distinct trades, requiring the most diverse sorts of skill, knowledge, and training.  There are about 100 men in the city engaged in the different processes of photoengraving.  Nearly all of the stereotypers, numbering from 60 to 70, are employed in newspaper offices.  There are about 125 electrotypers and 400 lithographers.  The labor conditions closely approximate those found in other departments of the industry.  Average wages for the different occupations are shown in Table 30.

TABLE 30.—­AVERAGE DAILY EARNINGS IN PHOTOENGRAVING, STEREOTYPING, ELECTROTYPING, AND LITHOGRAPHING OCCUPATIONS, 1915

Average
Workers in trade daily earnings

Photoengraving
  Artists $6.32
  Photographers 4.69
  Etchers 4.52
  Routers 4.25
  Finishers 4.21
  Proofers 3.69
  Strippers 3.61
  Blockers 2.36
  Apprentices 1.49
  Art apprentices 1.27

Stereotyping 4.00

Electrotyping
  Molders 4.41
  Finishers 4.01
  Casters 3.18
  Routers 3.17
  Builders 3.13
  Blockers 2.05
  Batterymen 1.97
  Case fillers 1.59
  Apprentices 1.10

Lithographing
  Lettermen 6.63
  Artists 6.41
  Pressroom foremen 5.80
  Grainers 4.73
  Engravers 4.35
  Pressmen 3.91
  Transferers and proofers 3.41
  Pressroom apprentices 2.80
  Tracers 2.63
  Stone polishers 2.53
  Pressfeeders 1.72
  Other apprentices 1.59
  Artist apprentices 1.23
  Flyboys 1.10

There is no well organized system for training apprentices in photoengraving, stereotyping, and electrotyping, or in any of the lithographic trades, except that of poster artist, in which an efficient and strictly regulated system of apprenticeship is maintained.

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Wage Earning and Education from Project Gutenberg. Public domain.
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