5. Enumerate the five chief results of the wars with the French and the Indians. Discuss each in detail.
6. Explain why it was that the character of the English king mattered to the colonists.
7. Contrast England under the Stuarts with England under the Hanoverians.
8. Explain how the English Crown, Courts, and Parliament controlled the colonies.
9. Name the three important classes of English legislation affecting the colonies. Explain each.
10. Do you think the English legislation was beneficial or injurious to the colonies? Why?
=Rise of French Power in North America.=—Special reference: Francis Parkman, Struggle for a Continent.
=The French and Indian Wars.=—Special reference: W.M. Sloane, French War and the Revolution, Chaps. VI-IX. Parkman, Montcalm and Wolfe, Vol. II, pp. 195-299. Elson, History of the United States, pp. 171-196.
=English Navigation Acts.=—Macdonald, Documentary Source Book, pp. 55, 72, 78, 90, 103. Coman, Industrial History, pp. 79-85.
=British Colonial Policy.=—Callender, Economic History of the United States, pp. 102-108.
=The New England Confederation.=—Analyze the document in Macdonald, Source Book, p. 45. Special reference: Fiske, Beginnings of New England, pp. 140-198.
=The Administration of Andros.=—Fiske, Beginnings, pp. 242-278.
=Biographical Studies.=—William Pitt and Sir Robert Walpole. Consult Green, Short History of England, on their policies, using the index.
PART II. CONFLICT AND INDEPENDENCE
THE NEW COURSE IN BRITISH IMPERIAL POLICY
On October 25, 1760, King George II died and the British crown passed to his young grandson. The first George, the son of the Elector of Hanover and Sophia the granddaughter of James I, was a thorough German who never even learned to speak the language of the land over which he reigned. The second George never saw England until he was a man. He spoke English with an accent and until his death preferred his German home. During their reign, the principle had become well established that the king did not govern but acted only through ministers representing the majority in Parliament.
GEORGE III AND HIS SYSTEM
=The Character of the New King.=—The third George rudely broke the German tradition of his family. He resented the imputation that he was a foreigner and on all occasions made a display of his British sympathies. To the draft of his first speech to Parliament, he added the popular phrase: “Born and educated in this country, I glory in the name of Briton.” Macaulay, the English historian,