The meaning seems to
be that Caecina indulged the men in
order to win popularity, Valens in order to obtain licence for
his own dishonesty.
 He had depleted them
by sending detachments forward with
Valens and Caecina (see i. 61).
 One of the vilest and
most hated of imperial menials
(see chap. 95, and iv. 11). The gold ring was a token of
equestrian rank (cp. i. 13).
 Caesariensis (Fez) and
Tingitana (Morocco). They had
been imperial provinces since A.D. 40.
 See i. 8.
 The military titles
here used have a technical meaning
which translation cannot convey. A senior centurion (cp. note
57) could rise to the command of an auxiliary cohort, like the
Festus and Scipio here mentioned (praefecti cohortium). The
next step would be to tribunus legionis, and from that again
to praefectus alae. This was Pollio’s position, the highest
open to any but soldiers of senatorial rank.
 He was so poor, says
Suetonius, that he had no money to
take him out to Germany, when appointed to that province. He
had to let his house and hire a garret for his wife and
family, and to pawn one of his mother’s pearl ear-rings.
 Aged 6.
 Cp. i. 62.
 He was executed by Mucianus (iv. 80).
 He postponed the hearing
of their case, and thus, as
accused persons, they had by custom to wear mourning.
 Cp. i. 77.
 Cp. i. 90. As Trachalus’
gentile name was Galerius, she
was presumably a relative.
 Between the Loire and the Allier.
 Mariccus being a provincial
‘of no family’, Tacitus
hardly likes to mention him.
 The word trahebat
may here mean ‘began to plunder’,
but this seems less likely.
 This punishment seems
to have been reserved,
appropriately enough, for those who stirred up popular
 From Vitellius’
point of view the Othonians were rebels,
since he had been declared emperor before Otho: or else as
rebels against Galba.
 Cp. i. 22.
 i.e. as gladiators.
Juvenal says this is what the
spendthrifts come to: and also that they would do it for
money, without any Nero to compel them. On the whole the
bankrupt rich preferred ‘knock-about comedy’ to the very real
dangers of a combat.
 i. 88.