No one knew for certain
who was in command. We are told
in chap. 39 that he left Titianus in nominal command, though
the real authority lay with Proculus.
 Macer’s, see chap. 23.
 See note 247.
 i.e. of Macer’s
gladiators on one bank and the
detachment employed by Caecina for bridge-building, &c., on
the other. The main armies were Otho’s at Bedriacum and
Vitellius’ at Cremona.
 i.e. from the Germans who were trying to board or sink them.
 See i. 77.
 Plutarch, in his Life
of Otho, after quoting the view of
the emperor’s secretary, Secundus, that Otho was over-strained
and desperate, goes on to give the explanation of ‘others’.
This agrees exactly with the story given here. Plutarch and
Tacitus are apparently quoting from the same authority,
unknown to us, perhaps Cluvius Rufus.
 e.g. the brothers Gracchus, Saturninus, and Drusus.
 e.g. Appius
Claudius and L. Opimius, of whom Plutarch
says that in suppressing C. Gracchus he used his consular
authority like that of a dictator.
 At Brixellum.
 About seven miles below
Cremona. The Medicean MS. has
Adua, but as the mouth of the Adua is seven miles west of
Cremona and Bedriacum twenty-two miles east of Cremona, the
figures given do not suit. For Tacitus says that they marched
first four miles and then sixteen. Mr. Henderson proposes to
solve the difficulty by reading quartum decimum for
quartum in chap. 39. But his reasons are purely a priori.
If the confluence was that of the Arda with the Po, Tacitus’
quartum is still unsatisfactory, but the distances given in
Plutarch’s Life of Otho would suit the facts. He makes the
first march a little over six miles. From the camp then
pitched to the mouth of the Arda would be by road about
sixteen miles. Thus Tacitus’ first figure may be a slight
underestimate and his second figure correct. The second day’s
march, according to Plutarch, was rather more than twelve
miles, so we may suppose that the armies met about four miles
short of the confluence, which was the Othonians’ objective.
This suits Paulinus’ suggestion a few lines lower that the
Vitellians need only march four miles to catch them in
marching column. The whole question is fully discussed by Mr.
Henderson (op. cit.) and by Mr. E.G. Hardy in the Journal of
Philology, vol. xxxi, no. 61.